Aluminium Extrusion Suppliers South Africa Popular

Aluminum is one of the most used metals in today’s society – Aluminium Extrusion Suppliers South Africa in Popular  it can be found across a number of industries, such as construction and commercial, and in a number of applications, such as beverage cans and appliances. When choosing a manufacturer of aluminium extrusion for supplying the metal that you use in your workplace, however, it is important that you carefully consider which one will be best for your needs.

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The manufacturer will begin by removing the aluminium from deep within the earth’s crust (either as bauxite ore or feldspar). Often, the Bayer’s method, Wohler’s method or Hall Heroult method is chosen to remove the metal in its molten form. It is then hardened and moulded into whatever shape the manufacturer desires. When the aluminium is extracted from the earth in its solid form, Aluminum Extrusions Online Store it will be passed through a number of mechanical processes that are designed to give the metal its desired shape. These processes include: rolling, drawing, forging, spinning, piercing and extrusion.

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Regardless of whether aluminium has been found in its molten or solid form, the manufacturer will then pass it through either a hot working or cold working process to prepare it for their customers. When using the hot working process (the most popular of the two), a billet will be heated to a temperature of over 79 degrees Celsius, which will allow the aluminium to be easily distorted and placed into its desired shape.

Aluminium Windows

The reason for the popularity of the hot working process over the cold working one can be fully realized when you compare aluminium extrusion to squeezing toothpaste out of its tube. It is much easier to extrude the metal when it is malleable, meaning that it must have been heated to a certain temperature.

Finally, the aluminium will pass through an extrusion and drawing process that runs almost parallel to each other. This is the final step in the whole extrusion process and is the step that gives the metal its entire shape. Deep drawing, for example, is used give the metal a cup, conical tapered, cylinder and seamless tube shape. For less curved shapes, Aluminum Glass Frame Extrusion the drawing process is skipped.

Aluminium Sections Catalogue

Once you are satisfied with the processes and methods utilized by a potential manufacturer of aluminium extrusions, you can begin submitting your orders with them. If, after your first delivery, you are still satisfied with the manufacturer based on the promptness of the order being filled and the quality of the aluminium that you receive, you can continue the relationship.

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Alspec Aluminium Catalogue

When purchasing your aluminum profile system, it is important to use aluminum profile systems that represent the latest in technological progress. They are available and many have highly competitive prices.

What is an aluminum profile system?

Aluminum profile systems are extruded shapes (tubing, bar stock, angles, rods, ducts, channels, air supply systems, pipe racks, etc.) made from aluminum. Extrusion is a process by which different aluminum shapes are formed from a cylindrical hydraulic press. The press forces the aluminum through the die and the extruded aluminum results in the desire shape.

What is the history of aluminum extrusions?

Patented in 1970, the extrusion process was first used to make lead pipes. Lead, copper, iron, and steel have a much longer history than aluminum, which was first identified in 1807.

At first aluminum was considered more precious than gold. However, with the advent of the smelting process and the modern hot extrusion process in the 1880's, it became extremely affordable. Aluminum, the metal most used for extrusion, can now be used with both hot and cold extrusion processes.

What are the benefits of an aluminum profile system?

There are many reasons why an aluminum system is preferred over other tooling. Some of the most important reasons are that it is not only affordable, but also durable, lightweight, and corrosion resistant - and many of the components are reusable, thus lowering the cost.

Respected manufacturers of aluminum profile promise shortened lead times, which is very important to most customers. This is possible because fewer tools are required to produce the final product, the designs are simple, and no welding or painting is required.

These manufacturers usually have a large stock of shapes and finishes on hand. If a customer needs a shape different that what is normally carried, that shape can be custom-made.

What are the uses of aluminum profile systems?

After World War II, when aluminum extrusions were used in the manufacturing of aircraft and other military uses, new uses were quickly found to be applicable for other industries. Aluminum extrusion is even used in the space industry.

If you are not familiar with the uses of aluminum profile in today's world, you might be surprised to know that they are used in computers, fixtures, everyday household appliances, home furnishings and interior design, power tools, and window frames.

In the world of manufacturing, aluminum systems are used in conveyor frames, fixtures, construction, protective barriers, work tables, electrical components, work bins, car radiators, automobile body and frame components, drive shafts and cylinder liners, and in special and series machines.

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Aluminium Windows

Aluminum doors are once popular in the home building industry. With the changes in architectural taste, however, many people opted for different styles of sliding doors. Nonetheless, even when the interest in this type of door has already declined, it still has various advantages that could not be provided by other types of doors.

For one, aluminum pocket doors are great space savers. They could be used in several instances when space is an issue. For example, a room which could not be fixed with a hinge door could make use of a pocket door. This is the case when there is a permanent obstruction along the pathway where the door swings. Since the door runs along a hidden track and vanishes inside a pocket in the wall, there is no longer a need to open the door fully by swinging. Thus, the door does not require more space before it could be opened. Also, a pocket door could effectively replace a standard door when there is no other way but hide the door inside the walls.

Aluminum sliding doors is also a great alternative to ordinary wood, vinyl or plastic doors. This is because the doors are predicted to capture the future trend in home designing alongside glass and other metals.

There are downsides to using the doors though. For one, these doors could not be used in places where there are extreme temperatures as aluminum tends to adopt to the temperature of its surrounding. This would not help neutralize the heat or the coldness inside a room, for example. Also, aluminum, unlike wood, glass and fiberglass doors, tends not to blend in with most architectural design. For instance, the doors would not work well with Victorian-style inspired homes. They are, however, common among conventional houses where steal panels and other metals are used in decorating the house.

Also, one cannot really play well with colors on the doors. Usually, homeowners have to settle with the metallic look. This doesn't say that the natural aluminum surface is not good. In fact it is. However, for people who are fond of playing with colors, the doors may not be the best choice.

Another drawback to using the doors is that they tend to catch the atmosphere of large kitchens since they are usually associated with the kitchen doors of most restaurants. But again, this may not be as bad at all since many people actually love to create a certain atmosphere in their kitchen that may only be contributed to metals.

A change of look is what a sliding door could give when used in residential homes. In the industrial settings however, they have become the mainstay.

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Aluminium Extrusion Suppliers South Africa Tip

Aluminum is one of the most used metals in today’s society – Aluminium Extrusion Suppliers South Africa in Tip  it can be found across a number of industries, such as construction and commercial, and in a number of applications, such as beverage cans and appliances. When choosing a manufacturer of aluminium extrusion for supplying the metal that you use in your workplace, however, it is important that you carefully consider which one will be best for your needs.

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The manufacturer will begin by removing the aluminium from deep within the earth’s crust (either as bauxite ore or feldspar). Often, the Bayer’s method, Wohler’s method or Hall Heroult method is chosen to remove the metal in its molten form. It is then hardened and moulded into whatever shape the manufacturer desires. When the aluminium is extracted from the earth in its solid form, Aluminum Extrusion Slider it will be passed through a number of mechanical processes that are designed to give the metal its desired shape. These processes include: rolling, drawing, forging, spinning, piercing and extrusion.

Aluminium Window Sections Catalogue

Regardless of whether aluminium has been found in its molten or solid form, the manufacturer will then pass it through either a hot working or cold working process to prepare it for their customers. When using the hot working process (the most popular of the two), a billet will be heated to a temperature of over 79 degrees Celsius, which will allow the aluminium to be easily distorted and placed into its desired shape.

Aluminium Window Sections Catalogue

The reason for the popularity of the hot working process over the cold working one can be fully realized when you compare aluminium extrusion to squeezing toothpaste out of its tube. It is much easier to extrude the metal when it is malleable, meaning that it must have been heated to a certain temperature.

Finally, the aluminium will pass through an extrusion and drawing process that runs almost parallel to each other. This is the final step in the whole extrusion process and is the step that gives the metal its entire shape. Deep drawing, for example, is used give the metal a cup, conical tapered, cylinder and seamless tube shape. For less curved shapes, Aluminum Extrusion Framing Components the drawing process is skipped.

Aluminium Windows South Africa

Once you are satisfied with the processes and methods utilized by a potential manufacturer of aluminium extrusions, you can begin submitting your orders with them. If, after your first delivery, you are still satisfied with the manufacturer based on the promptness of the order being filled and the quality of the aluminium that you receive, you can continue the relationship.

Aluminium Extrusion Suppliers South Africa in Tip?

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Bifold doors are expensive but well worth the investment if you are considering renovations. Your house opens up to the garden and creates an amazing aesthetic when these doors are installed. It pays to exercise caution and care in a selection of the doors and consider various factors.


Price is not everything

The cheapest is not the best and the most expensive also is not necessarily the best. A Bifold door is not just panels put together; it is an entire system where design, engineering precision and choice of hardware plays an important in the door's looks and performance just as much as the bifold door installation does. Buying a well known international brand with local support is a good option.


Material of door

Bifolds can have wood, steel, uPVC or aluminum section frames. Wood can obstruct the view and be heavy. uPVC material can flex and distort which will affect the working of the door and there is a size limitation as well. Steel can be heavy. Aluminum is the best material for sections. It is relatively stable and does not tend to distort with temperature variations. From the maintenance point too aluminum scores because powder coated or natural anodized aluminum does not need frequent paint or maintenance.


Top hung or bottom rolling?

Bifold doors are available as top hung or bottom rolling types. If a strong enough beam is present then the top hung type is best because it does not collect leaves and debris and the frame conceals the mechanism from view.


Hardware and installation

Hardware is complex with bifold doors and must be precision engineered from quality materials besides being fitted just right during installation. Improper alignment can affect performance and cause stress on frames besides making the door hard to open and close. Quality systems have wheels that run on flat tracks and pivoted end doors for smooth movement even when the jamb does not allow much adjustment. Bifold door installation is important too when it comes to getting the threshold right to prevent rain seepage and yet creating a smooth transition that does not cause one to stub one's toes. Rain penetration is an important matter especially if the door is exposed. This is where the expertise of installer comes into play to provide a perfectly rebated rain-proof threshold. Security is another aspect to consider in the matter of bifold door hardware and a typical secure door would have multipoint locking system with shoot bolt for intermediate panels.


Single or double glazing


Energy conservation is important so double glazing is recommended. It will also provide some degree of acoustic insulation. Quality manufacturers provide U-values of 1.8w/sqmK or lower for such energy efficient bifold doors.


Screening

There are times when one may want an unimpeded view and there are times when one may want to shut out the light. Curtains are good but can impede the view. Venetian blinds that roll up all the way to the top may be ideal. If you choose a double glazed door then the blinds may be incorporated into the panels but at the cost of impeding the view. It is best to coordinate with the installer and clear this point as well before ordering a bifold door.

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Aluminium Window Frames Details

The process of aluminum extrusion is simple and easy however it is very significant to know why extrusion is so important. In general metals like steel and aluminum is put to use in several industries, right from automobile, to telecommunication, transport, utensil manufacturing and at times even in the toy industry. Thus, both of these metals are in huge demand and find place is almost all the major manufacturing industries in the world.

Just after steel, aluminum is the other metal which is hugely popular all over the world. This can put in a manner stating that aluminum is the second most popular metal in the globe after steel. The former is widely available, has impressive properties, and is affordable, light weight, can withstand high temperatures and so on. And above all the aluminum extrusion involved in getting different shapes and forms for suppliers is cost-effective and simple. Both in US and Europe building industry and the telecom as well is highly dependent on aluminum extruded products. These products find a number of usages and are used in many applications.

So, what is aluminum extrusion? This is a process through which aluminum is given certain shapes and forms. It starts with the hot cylindrical billet of aluminum which is pushed through a shaped die. The billet is cut from DC cast log and placed in heated container (450°C - 500°C). When pushed through the die the metal flows through the steel die. The die is placed at the other end of the container. Now, once the log passes it produces a section, this can be cut into shapes either in long length or short. The section is cuts according to the customized demands of the clients since the log is meant to be used for any particular industry. In certain extrusion process rectangular shaped billets. In this process only wide section sized extrusions are produced. This again depends according the demands of the supplier.

Aluminum extrusion is done for several kinds of industry and these aluminum extruded products are very commonly used in building industry. In this industry you can use aluminum in prefabricated houses/building structures, window and door frame systems, curtain walling, roofing and exterior cladding, and shop fronts. Besides, they also find place in the telecommunication and transport industry. In transport industry aluminum extruded products are found in rail vehicles, marine applications, airframes and for vehicles on the road.

So, what makes aluminum so popular? It is the versatility and the flexibility of the material that turns in so popular. Since aluminum is high temperature resistance and is corrosion resistant as well it is used to make utensils and is also used on transport vehicles. Besides, it is strong even though it is light weight and thus it is used in airframes.

So, if you are out there still deciding on selecting aluminum extruded products or some other metal you can give your votes to this metal as it is affordable and durable as well. No more second thoughts to this go ahead with aluminum extrusion and the products.

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Aluminium Extrusion Suppliers South Africa Gauteng

Aluminum is one of the most used metals in today’s society – Aluminium Extrusion Suppliers South Africa in Gauteng  it can be found across a number of industries, such as construction and commercial, and in a number of applications, such as beverage cans and appliances. When choosing a manufacturer of aluminium extrusion for supplying the metal that you use in your workplace, however, it is important that you carefully consider which one will be best for your needs.

Aluminium Sections Catalogue

The manufacturer will begin by removing the aluminium from deep within the earth’s crust (either as bauxite ore or feldspar). Often, the Bayer’s method, Wohler’s method or Hall Heroult method is chosen to remove the metal in its molten form. It is then hardened and moulded into whatever shape the manufacturer desires. When the aluminium is extracted from the earth in its solid form, Where To Buy Aluminum Extrusion it will be passed through a number of mechanical processes that are designed to give the metal its desired shape. These processes include: rolling, drawing, forging, spinning, piercing and extrusion.

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Regardless of whether aluminium has been found in its molten or solid form, the manufacturer will then pass it through either a hot working or cold working process to prepare it for their customers. When using the hot working process (the most popular of the two), a billet will be heated to a temperature of over 79 degrees Celsius, which will allow the aluminium to be easily distorted and placed into its desired shape.

Alspec Aluminium Catalogue

The reason for the popularity of the hot working process over the cold working one can be fully realized when you compare aluminium extrusion to squeezing toothpaste out of its tube. It is much easier to extrude the metal when it is malleable, meaning that it must have been heated to a certain temperature.

Finally, the aluminium will pass through an extrusion and drawing process that runs almost parallel to each other. This is the final step in the whole extrusion process and is the step that gives the metal its entire shape. Deep drawing, for example, is used give the metal a cup, conical tapered, cylinder and seamless tube shape. For less curved shapes, Aluminum Cabinet Extrusions the drawing process is skipped.

Aluminium Windows Cape Town

Once you are satisfied with the processes and methods utilized by a potential manufacturer of aluminium extrusions, you can begin submitting your orders with them. If, after your first delivery, you are still satisfied with the manufacturer based on the promptness of the order being filled and the quality of the aluminium that you receive, you can continue the relationship.

Aluminium Extrusion Suppliers South Africa in Gauteng?

Aluminium Window Sections Catalogue

While aluminium is a very versatile material and aluminium doors can be suitably installed in a variety of indoor and outdoor contexts, two of the best places for the installation of aluminium doors are in industrial locations and as barriers between the inside and outside.

Aluminium doors are ideally suited to being installed as a barrier between indoor and outdoor environments because of their weatherproof and durable nature. This makes them a top choice for patio doors and café or bar doors leading to courtyards. Aluminium is one of best materials for patio door frames because the metal is a strong and very low-maintenance product. The advantages of installing aluminium framed doors as barriers between in and outdoors are largely due to the natural properties of the metal which make it resistant to corrosion as well as being impermeable and odourless. The aluminium framed doors do not rust and provide premium stability if installed correctly. Not only do doors of aluminium come in an extensive range of powder coated colours, they can also be carefully patterned for various aesthetic effects. Finally, aluminium framed doors are one of the best doors to be installed between interior and exterior because they won't warp or swell in damp conditions as wooden doors often do.

One of the second locations where doors of aluminium are best installed is in the heavy duty contexts of factories and warehouses where they are often the number one choice for a variety of applications. The popularity of aluminium doors in these environments is due again to the naturally strong, durable and low-maintenance nature of the metal. Aluminium is able to withstand any of the bumps and scrapes that are customary during the movement and transport of industrial machinery and products. Doors for industrial locations are made from large, high-strength metal panels that withstand the passage of oversize cargo and bulky machinery. Another reason why aluminium doors are such a top choice for heavy duty purposes is because the metal can be thermally treated to be scratch and dent resistant.

These are just too of the most popular locations for aluminium framed doors, but really, with such a versatile metal, the possible applications are endless. As well as providing a practical patio door and industrial door solution, glass and aluminium doors can be used inside the home in bathrooms and bedrooms as well as in the interiors or offices and other commercial constructions.

Get the Most Out of Aluminum Railings

Aluminium Window Frames Details

The proper placement of doors and windows is essential in a house for the good light and ventilation. So, what would be better than having the option of aluminium doors and windows? The correct ventilation not only provides you with fresh air but keeps the house cool and cuts down the electricity bills, to a certain extent. There are many other green and eco friendly materials for this purpose, but they don't give a good appealing view. Aluminium, on the other hand, has all these qualities and looks appealing to the eye also. They are super efficient, strong, light weight and cheap too. It also has other qualities like it can withstand many harsh factors like the chemicals, heat, corrosion, etc.

The other advantage of the aluminium doors and windows is that they are available in a huge range of shapes, designs, sizes and with different color finishes. The finishes include matte, solid, shiny, etc. You can also get it personalized paint finishes or faux finishes of your own choice. There is an option of the danmer customized doors windows and shutters. They are available in the form of the sliding doors, fixed windows, and many more. These would improve the indoor of your house.

These doors and windows consume far less space than the traditional ones made of iron or wood. This can be a boon in case you have less space at your place. Therefore, you can fit more and more things in a small area with the help of the aluminium doors and windows.

The other factor that makes it different from others is that these windows and doors are very easy to install and only require a bit of information. They are eco friendly and can be recycled. If combined with fiberglass or the plastic glass, then it could be the most intelligent thing one can do. It is the best combination which is attractive and low maintenance for the long run.

The doors and windows made of aluminium are extremely useful and can be recycled. It has many advantages over the wooden or the iron windows. So, the best option for your house is to have the proper symmetry and matching of the windows and doors which would make your house beautiful.

Alspec Aluminium Catalogue

 


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Aluminium Extrusion Suppliers South Africa Best

Aluminum is one of the most used metals in today’s society – Aluminium Extrusion Suppliers South Africa in Best  it can be found across a number of industries, such as construction and commercial, and in a number of applications, such as beverage cans and appliances. When choosing a manufacturer of aluminium extrusion for supplying the metal that you use in your workplace, however, it is important that you carefully consider which one will be best for your needs.

Aluminium Window Sections Catalogue

The manufacturer will begin by removing the aluminium from deep within the earth’s crust (either as bauxite ore or feldspar). Often, the Bayer’s method, Wohler’s method or Hall Heroult method is chosen to remove the metal in its molten form. It is then hardened and moulded into whatever shape the manufacturer desires. When the aluminium is extracted from the earth in its solid form, Aluminum Extrusions For Sale it will be passed through a number of mechanical processes that are designed to give the metal its desired shape. These processes include: rolling, drawing, forging, spinning, piercing and extrusion.

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Regardless of whether aluminium has been found in its molten or solid form, the manufacturer will then pass it through either a hot working or cold working process to prepare it for their customers. When using the hot working process (the most popular of the two), a billet will be heated to a temperature of over 79 degrees Celsius, which will allow the aluminium to be easily distorted and placed into its desired shape.

Aluminium Window Sections Catalogue

The reason for the popularity of the hot working process over the cold working one can be fully realized when you compare aluminium extrusion to squeezing toothpaste out of its tube. It is much easier to extrude the metal when it is malleable, meaning that it must have been heated to a certain temperature.

Finally, the aluminium will pass through an extrusion and drawing process that runs almost parallel to each other. This is the final step in the whole extrusion process and is the step that gives the metal its entire shape. Deep drawing, for example, is used give the metal a cup, conical tapered, cylinder and seamless tube shape. For less curved shapes, Aluminum Extrusions Retail the drawing process is skipped.

Aluminium Windows

Once you are satisfied with the processes and methods utilized by a potential manufacturer of aluminium extrusions, you can begin submitting your orders with them. If, after your first delivery, you are still satisfied with the manufacturer based on the promptness of the order being filled and the quality of the aluminium that you receive, you can continue the relationship.

Aluminium Extrusion Suppliers South Africa in Best?

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Porch Railings - First And Lasting Impression

The porch railing is the first thing your visitors sees and in order that it makes a lasting impression, this article gives you tips for porch railings. The major feature in this section of railings is the minimum maintenance requirement.

The Form And Look - Essence Of Porch Railing

Since the porch is the first thing, a visitor observes after getting down from the car it always makes a lasting impression on the visitor. Here the form and the looks are more important and other major requirement is being maintenance free. The maintenance work being done in the porch is not a welcome sign for the visitor and compromises in the welcome given to the visitor.

Materials Used In Porch Railings

Materials have to be carefully selected for porch railings, workability is more important since the form, and looks are more important here. Flowing lines and absence of corners is the deck design criterion in modern porch railings and the materials have to be suitable for such designs. Most common materials are,

  1. Stainless Steel: Because of high workability and the fact that it maintains shine for a long time and that too in adverse conditions, stainless steel is the preferred material in porch railings. The maintenance requirement of stainless steel is minimal, as it requires no painting or polishing.
  2. PVC coated steel: The steel can be coated with PVC in multiple colors. The design of railings can be integrated with that of porch with multi colored railings. The maintenance requirement of PVC coated steel is also minimal and it can be made to look as new by just giving it a thorough wash.
  3. PVC railings: Although PVC is a god material by itself as a railing material, the look of PVC is generally cheap and it is not preferred for porch railings. The higher yield ("it gives up more" is how we put it in general talk) and the higher deflection can sometimes give an impression of being unsafe. Therefore, it is not used as material for porch railing.
  4. Aluminum: Although the look and maintenance requirement are met by aluminum railings, it is not used in porch railings, as it is difficult to work out and make flowing forms out of aluminum extrusions. Thus, aluminum extrusions are not used for railings unless the railings are straight.
Make your choice of material porch railings and make a good first impression on your visitor and it sure will last for a long time.

Aluminium Extrusion and Its Advantages

Aluminium Windows South Africa

High strength aluminium alloys.

The origin of aluminium alloys in aircraft construction started with the first practical all-metal aircraft in 1915 made by Junkers in Germany, of materials said to be `iron and steel'. Steel presented the advantages of a high modulus of elasticity, high proof stress and high tensile strength. Unfortunately these were accompanied by a high specific gravity, almost three times that of the aluminium alloys and about ten times that of plywood. Aircraft designers during the 1930s were therefore forced to use steel in its thinnest forms. To ensure stability against buckling of the thin plate, intricate shapes for spar sections were devised.

In 1909 Alfred Wilm, in Germany, accidentally discovered that an aluminium alloy containing 3.5 per cent copper, 0.5 per cent magnesium and silicon and iron, as unintended impurities, spontaneously hardened after quenching from about 480°C. The patent rights of this material were acquired by Durener Metallwerke who marketed the alloy under the name Duralumin. For half a century this alloy has been used in the wrought heat-treated, naturally aged condition. The improvements in these properties produced by artificial ageing at a raised temperature of, for example, 175°C, were not exploited in the aircraft industry until about 1934.

In addition to the development of duralumin (first used as a main structural material by Junkers in 1917) three other causes contributed to the replacement of steel by aluminium alloys. These were a better understanding of the process of heat treatment, the introduction of extrusions in a wide range of sections and the use of pure aluminium cladding to provide greater resistance to corrosion. By 1938, three groups of aluminium alloys dominated the field of aircraft construction and, in fact, they retain their importance to the present day. The groups are separated by virtue of their chemical composition, to which they owe their capacity for strengthening under heat treatment.

The first group is contained under the general name duralumin having a typical composition of: 4 per cent copper, 0.5 per cent magnesium, 0.5 per cent manganese, 0.3 per cent silicon, 0.2 per cent iron, with the remainder aluminium. The naturally aged version was covered by Air Ministry Specification DTD 18 issued in 1924, while artificially aged duralumin came under Specification DTD 111 in 1929. DTD 111 provided for slight reductions in 0.1 per cent proof stress and tensile strength.

The second group of aluminium alloys differs from duralumin chiefly by the introduction of 1 to 2 per cent of nickel, a high content of magnesium and possible variations in the amounts of copper, silicon and iron. `Y' alloy, the oldest member of the group, has a typical composition of. 4 per cent copper, 2 per cent nickel, 1.5 cent magnesium, the remainder being aluminium and was covered by Specification DTD 58A issued in 1927. Its most important property was its retention of strength at high temperatures, which meant that it was a particularly suitable material for aero engine pistons. Its use in airframe construction has been of a limited nature only. Research by Rolls-Royce and development by High Duty Alloys Ltd produced the `RR' series of alloys. Based on Y alloy, the RR alloys had some of the nickel replaced by iron and the copper reduced. One of the earliest of these alloys, RR56 had approximately half of the 2 per cent nickel replaced by iron, the copper content reduced from 4 to 2 per cent, and was used for forgings and extrusions in aero engines and airframes.

The third and latest group depends upon the inclusion of zinc and magnesium and their high strength. Covered by Specification DTD 363 issued in 1937, these alloys had a nominal composition: 2.5 per cent copper, 5 per cent zinc, 3 per cent magnesium and up to 1 per cent nickel. In modern versions of this alloy nickel has been eliminated and provision made for the addition of chromium and further amounts of manganese.

Aircraft structural aluminium.

Of the three basic structural materials, namely wood, steel and aluminium alloy, only wood is no longer of significance except in laminates for non-structural bulkheads, floorings and furnishings. Most modern aircraft still rely on modified forms of the high strength aerospace aluminium alloys which were introduced during the early part of the 20th century. Steels are used where high strength, high stiffness and wear resistance are required. Other materials, such as titanium and fibre-reinforced composites first used about 1950, are finding expanding uses in airframe construction.

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