Aluminium Extrusions Price List Guide

Aluminum is one of the most used metals in today’s society – Aluminium Extrusions Price List in Guide  it can be found across a number of industries, such as construction and commercial, and in a number of applications, such as beverage cans and appliances. When choosing a manufacturer of aluminium extrusion for supplying the metal that you use in your workplace, however, it is important that you carefully consider which one will be best for your needs.

Alspec Aluminium Catalogue

The manufacturer will begin by removing the aluminium from deep within the earth’s crust (either as bauxite ore or feldspar). Often, the Bayer’s method, Wohler’s method or Hall Heroult method is chosen to remove the metal in its molten form. It is then hardened and moulded into whatever shape the manufacturer desires. When the aluminium is extracted from the earth in its solid form, Buy Aluminum Extrusion it will be passed through a number of mechanical processes that are designed to give the metal its desired shape. These processes include: rolling, drawing, forging, spinning, piercing and extrusion.

Aluminium Windows Cape Town

Regardless of whether aluminium has been found in its molten or solid form, the manufacturer will then pass it through either a hot working or cold working process to prepare it for their customers. When using the hot working process (the most popular of the two), a billet will be heated to a temperature of over 79 degrees Celsius, which will allow the aluminium to be easily distorted and placed into its desired shape.

Aluminium Window Frames Details

The reason for the popularity of the hot working process over the cold working one can be fully realized when you compare aluminium extrusion to squeezing toothpaste out of its tube. It is much easier to extrude the metal when it is malleable, meaning that it must have been heated to a certain temperature.

Finally, the aluminium will pass through an extrusion and drawing process that runs almost parallel to each other. This is the final step in the whole extrusion process and is the step that gives the metal its entire shape. Deep drawing, for example, is used give the metal a cup, conical tapered, cylinder and seamless tube shape. For less curved shapes, Aluminum Extrusions Online the drawing process is skipped.

Aluminium Windows South Africa

Once you are satisfied with the processes and methods utilized by a potential manufacturer of aluminium extrusions, you can begin submitting your orders with them. If, after your first delivery, you are still satisfied with the manufacturer based on the promptness of the order being filled and the quality of the aluminium that you receive, you can continue the relationship.

Aluminium Extrusions Price List in Guide?

Aluminium Windows

Aluminum doors are a popular choice for commercial properties adding strength and durability and reducing the risk of the door being broken down. While these may seem a great choice, especially from modern buildings, they do offer their own advantages and disadvantages that you need to be aware of.

Aluminum doors come with a host of advantages, which is what makes them such a popular choice in the commercial and industrial industries. These are also increasing in popularity in modern homes, where homeowners are looking to add that industrial chic to their finished design.

One of the biggest advantages to this option is the stability, strength and durability that these doors provide. Aluminum is exceptionally strong and this is displayed by the quality and strength of these products, which can last for many years, often outlasting many of the other materials available on the market today.

They work exceptionally well in buildings which have already incorporated aluminum windows, blending the two together to create a beautifully finished building that will stand the test of time.

Another advantage to these products is their ability to stand up in any weather conditions. It doesn't matter if you are based in the heart of the dessert or on the coast, which is constantly plagued by sea air. These products are weatherproof and strong and can handle vast temperature changes without signs of wear and tear.

You will find that aluminum doors are available from most suppliers, which is always a huge advantage. They can be found in most suppliers around the world and do not require that you hunt for them. If you have already chosen this material for your entry, then you should be able to find a reputable supplier who can supply and install the product for you in the shortest space of time.

Only in cases where the door is custom made will this process take longer, but in the majority of cases the supplier will have a number of doors in various sizes readily available and just waiting to be installed.

A huge advantage for any business owners is to know that their door won't require much maintenance over the years. The good news is that aluminum doors don't rust, so they are ideal in any climate, especially those that are close to the sea. Salty air can be exceptionally damaging, but these products are treated ensuring that they can withstand anything that is thrown their way.

Everything available on the market comes with some disadvantages and aluminum doors are no different. There are some cons to using these products over the other materials available on the market.

One of the disadvantages is that they tend to stain from constant water. If your building is in a very wet area which sees a lot of rain, you can expect some marks which will increase over time. While the product won't rust, the marks can be rather unsightly, so this needs to be taken into consideration when making a final decision on whether these are the right choice for your business or building.

Another disadvantage is that these can be more expensive that the other products available on the market. The metal prices are constantly fluctuating which makes it exceptionally difficult to budget until you have the product on order.

Most suppliers will be able to give you a final price when you ask for an estimate. Also bear in mind that because these are such high quality doors, they do require specialist installers who have experience with these products, ensuring they are installed to the highest standard.

Choosing someone to handle the installation that aren't knowledgeable on aluminum doors can result in you having to call out a repair company much sooner than anticipated.

Where Are Aluminium Doors Best Installed?

Aluminium Windows South Africa

The proper placement of doors and windows is essential in a house for the good light and ventilation. So, what would be better than having the option of aluminium doors and windows? The correct ventilation not only provides you with fresh air but keeps the house cool and cuts down the electricity bills, to a certain extent. There are many other green and eco friendly materials for this purpose, but they don't give a good appealing view. Aluminium, on the other hand, has all these qualities and looks appealing to the eye also. They are super efficient, strong, light weight and cheap too. It also has other qualities like it can withstand many harsh factors like the chemicals, heat, corrosion, etc.

The other advantage of the aluminium doors and windows is that they are available in a huge range of shapes, designs, sizes and with different color finishes. The finishes include matte, solid, shiny, etc. You can also get it personalized paint finishes or faux finishes of your own choice. There is an option of the danmer customized doors windows and shutters. They are available in the form of the sliding doors, fixed windows, and many more. These would improve the indoor of your house.

These doors and windows consume far less space than the traditional ones made of iron or wood. This can be a boon in case you have less space at your place. Therefore, you can fit more and more things in a small area with the help of the aluminium doors and windows.

The other factor that makes it different from others is that these windows and doors are very easy to install and only require a bit of information. They are eco friendly and can be recycled. If combined with fiberglass or the plastic glass, then it could be the most intelligent thing one can do. It is the best combination which is attractive and low maintenance for the long run.

The doors and windows made of aluminium are extremely useful and can be recycled. It has many advantages over the wooden or the iron windows. So, the best option for your house is to have the proper symmetry and matching of the windows and doors which would make your house beautiful.

Aluminium Windows

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Fern Gully Have Aluminium Extrusion List

Aluminium Extrusions Price List Best

Aluminum is one of the most used metals in today’s society – Aluminium Extrusions Price List in Best  it can be found across a number of industries, such as construction and commercial, and in a number of applications, such as beverage cans and appliances. When choosing a manufacturer of aluminium extrusion for supplying the metal that you use in your workplace, however, it is important that you carefully consider which one will be best for your needs.

Alspec Aluminium Catalogue

The manufacturer will begin by removing the aluminium from deep within the earth’s crust (either as bauxite ore or feldspar). Often, the Bayer’s method, Wohler’s method or Hall Heroult method is chosen to remove the metal in its molten form. It is then hardened and moulded into whatever shape the manufacturer desires. When the aluminium is extracted from the earth in its solid form, Storm Window Frame Extrusions it will be passed through a number of mechanical processes that are designed to give the metal its desired shape. These processes include: rolling, drawing, forging, spinning, piercing and extrusion.

Aluminium Window Frames Catalogue

Regardless of whether aluminium has been found in its molten or solid form, the manufacturer will then pass it through either a hot working or cold working process to prepare it for their customers. When using the hot working process (the most popular of the two), a billet will be heated to a temperature of over 79 degrees Celsius, which will allow the aluminium to be easily distorted and placed into its desired shape.

Alspec Aluminium Catalogue

The reason for the popularity of the hot working process over the cold working one can be fully realized when you compare aluminium extrusion to squeezing toothpaste out of its tube. It is much easier to extrude the metal when it is malleable, meaning that it must have been heated to a certain temperature.

Finally, the aluminium will pass through an extrusion and drawing process that runs almost parallel to each other. This is the final step in the whole extrusion process and is the step that gives the metal its entire shape. Deep drawing, for example, is used give the metal a cup, conical tapered, cylinder and seamless tube shape. For less curved shapes, Modular Aluminium Frame the drawing process is skipped.

Alspec Aluminium Catalogue

Once you are satisfied with the processes and methods utilized by a potential manufacturer of aluminium extrusions, you can begin submitting your orders with them. If, after your first delivery, you are still satisfied with the manufacturer based on the promptness of the order being filled and the quality of the aluminium that you receive, you can continue the relationship.

Aluminium Extrusions Price List in Best?

Aluminium Window Frames Details

Greenhouse kit frames may be made of galvanized steel pipe, aluminum, plastic or wood. It is very important when considering purchasing a greenhouse to look at the type of frame it is constructed of. There are also many different grades of these materials used. With the steel pipe frame you not only have to consider the size of the tubing, but also the spacing of the tubing. Naturally, closer spacing of the bows will result in a stronger frame. This is also true of aluminum frames. The thickness of the aluminum, the spacing and the extra supports will all determine the strength. What type of wood is being used is very important also.

Typically the prices going from low to high will be as follows.

1. Plastic frames
2. Lightweight Aluminum Frames
3. Pipe Frames
4. Wood Frames
5. Heavy Duty Aluminum Frames

Some of these such as the wood frames will require maintenance to keep up. The rest of the frame types are typically maintenance free.

Many consumers simply look at size, shape and price and do not consider that at some point they will probably want to add some accessories such as circulating fans, ventilation systems, hanging heaters, misting or fogging systems, etc. to their greenhouse. With plastic frames it is virtually impossible to add any accessories without building a frame to mount the accessories to. Many times these frames simply are not heavy enough to support even a hanging basket. Usually with wood and pipe frames the strength is there, but you will still need to do some extra framing out to mount the accessories. There are also some lighter weight aluminum frame greenhouse kits which will require additional framing to mount your accessories. Most quality aluminum framed greenhouses will offer a channel where bolts will slide to the exact location you desire to put your accessories. Usually this type of frame will even make it possible to add a wire shelf above your benches for extra space.

These are all just general guidelines. It is best to investigate each greenhouse kit on an individual basis.

Aluminium Window Frames

Alspec Aluminium Catalogue

Bifold doors are expensive but well worth the investment if you are considering renovations. Your house opens up to the garden and creates an amazing aesthetic when these doors are installed. It pays to exercise caution and care in a selection of the doors and consider various factors.


Price is not everything

The cheapest is not the best and the most expensive also is not necessarily the best. A Bifold door is not just panels put together; it is an entire system where design, engineering precision and choice of hardware plays an important in the door's looks and performance just as much as the bifold door installation does. Buying a well known international brand with local support is a good option.


Material of door

Bifolds can have wood, steel, uPVC or aluminum section frames. Wood can obstruct the view and be heavy. uPVC material can flex and distort which will affect the working of the door and there is a size limitation as well. Steel can be heavy. Aluminum is the best material for sections. It is relatively stable and does not tend to distort with temperature variations. From the maintenance point too aluminum scores because powder coated or natural anodized aluminum does not need frequent paint or maintenance.


Top hung or bottom rolling?

Bifold doors are available as top hung or bottom rolling types. If a strong enough beam is present then the top hung type is best because it does not collect leaves and debris and the frame conceals the mechanism from view.


Hardware and installation

Hardware is complex with bifold doors and must be precision engineered from quality materials besides being fitted just right during installation. Improper alignment can affect performance and cause stress on frames besides making the door hard to open and close. Quality systems have wheels that run on flat tracks and pivoted end doors for smooth movement even when the jamb does not allow much adjustment. Bifold door installation is important too when it comes to getting the threshold right to prevent rain seepage and yet creating a smooth transition that does not cause one to stub one's toes. Rain penetration is an important matter especially if the door is exposed. This is where the expertise of installer comes into play to provide a perfectly rebated rain-proof threshold. Security is another aspect to consider in the matter of bifold door hardware and a typical secure door would have multipoint locking system with shoot bolt for intermediate panels.


Single or double glazing


Energy conservation is important so double glazing is recommended. It will also provide some degree of acoustic insulation. Quality manufacturers provide U-values of 1.8w/sqmK or lower for such energy efficient bifold doors.


Screening

There are times when one may want an unimpeded view and there are times when one may want to shut out the light. Curtains are good but can impede the view. Venetian blinds that roll up all the way to the top may be ideal. If you choose a double glazed door then the blinds may be incorporated into the panels but at the cost of impeding the view. It is best to coordinate with the installer and clear this point as well before ordering a bifold door.

Alspec Aluminium Catalogue

https://ferngully.co.za/ratings-2/

Fern Gully Have Aluminium Extrusion List

Aluminium Extrusions Price List Rating

Aluminum is one of the most used metals in today’s society – Aluminium Extrusions Price List in Rating  it can be found across a number of industries, such as construction and commercial, and in a number of applications, such as beverage cans and appliances. When choosing a manufacturer of aluminium extrusion for supplying the metal that you use in your workplace, however, it is important that you carefully consider which one will be best for your needs.

Aluminium Windows

The manufacturer will begin by removing the aluminium from deep within the earth’s crust (either as bauxite ore or feldspar). Often, the Bayer’s method, Wohler’s method or Hall Heroult method is chosen to remove the metal in its molten form. It is then hardened and moulded into whatever shape the manufacturer desires. When the aluminium is extracted from the earth in its solid form, Modular Aluminium Frame it will be passed through a number of mechanical processes that are designed to give the metal its desired shape. These processes include: rolling, drawing, forging, spinning, piercing and extrusion.

Aluminium Sections Catalogue

Regardless of whether aluminium has been found in its molten or solid form, the manufacturer will then pass it through either a hot working or cold working process to prepare it for their customers. When using the hot working process (the most popular of the two), a billet will be heated to a temperature of over 79 degrees Celsius, which will allow the aluminium to be easily distorted and placed into its desired shape.

Alspec Aluminium Catalogue

The reason for the popularity of the hot working process over the cold working one can be fully realized when you compare aluminium extrusion to squeezing toothpaste out of its tube. It is much easier to extrude the metal when it is malleable, meaning that it must have been heated to a certain temperature.

Finally, the aluminium will pass through an extrusion and drawing process that runs almost parallel to each other. This is the final step in the whole extrusion process and is the step that gives the metal its entire shape. Deep drawing, for example, is used give the metal a cup, conical tapered, cylinder and seamless tube shape. For less curved shapes, Aluminum Extrusion Corner Profiles the drawing process is skipped.

Aluminium Windows

Once you are satisfied with the processes and methods utilized by a potential manufacturer of aluminium extrusions, you can begin submitting your orders with them. If, after your first delivery, you are still satisfied with the manufacturer based on the promptness of the order being filled and the quality of the aluminium that you receive, you can continue the relationship.

Aluminium Extrusions Price List in Rating?

Aluminium Sections Catalogue

Aluminum doors are a popular choice for commercial properties adding strength and durability and reducing the risk of the door being broken down. While these may seem a great choice, especially from modern buildings, they do offer their own advantages and disadvantages that you need to be aware of.

Aluminum doors come with a host of advantages, which is what makes them such a popular choice in the commercial and industrial industries. These are also increasing in popularity in modern homes, where homeowners are looking to add that industrial chic to their finished design.

One of the biggest advantages to this option is the stability, strength and durability that these doors provide. Aluminum is exceptionally strong and this is displayed by the quality and strength of these products, which can last for many years, often outlasting many of the other materials available on the market today.

They work exceptionally well in buildings which have already incorporated aluminum windows, blending the two together to create a beautifully finished building that will stand the test of time.

Another advantage to these products is their ability to stand up in any weather conditions. It doesn't matter if you are based in the heart of the dessert or on the coast, which is constantly plagued by sea air. These products are weatherproof and strong and can handle vast temperature changes without signs of wear and tear.

You will find that aluminum doors are available from most suppliers, which is always a huge advantage. They can be found in most suppliers around the world and do not require that you hunt for them. If you have already chosen this material for your entry, then you should be able to find a reputable supplier who can supply and install the product for you in the shortest space of time.

Only in cases where the door is custom made will this process take longer, but in the majority of cases the supplier will have a number of doors in various sizes readily available and just waiting to be installed.

A huge advantage for any business owners is to know that their door won't require much maintenance over the years. The good news is that aluminum doors don't rust, so they are ideal in any climate, especially those that are close to the sea. Salty air can be exceptionally damaging, but these products are treated ensuring that they can withstand anything that is thrown their way.

Everything available on the market comes with some disadvantages and aluminum doors are no different. There are some cons to using these products over the other materials available on the market.

One of the disadvantages is that they tend to stain from constant water. If your building is in a very wet area which sees a lot of rain, you can expect some marks which will increase over time. While the product won't rust, the marks can be rather unsightly, so this needs to be taken into consideration when making a final decision on whether these are the right choice for your business or building.

Another disadvantage is that these can be more expensive that the other products available on the market. The metal prices are constantly fluctuating which makes it exceptionally difficult to budget until you have the product on order.

Most suppliers will be able to give you a final price when you ask for an estimate. Also bear in mind that because these are such high quality doors, they do require specialist installers who have experience with these products, ensuring they are installed to the highest standard.

Choosing someone to handle the installation that aren't knowledgeable on aluminum doors can result in you having to call out a repair company much sooner than anticipated.

Aluminium Extrusion Manufacturing Process

Alspec Aluminium Catalogue

Aluminium Extrusion process is undertaken by several companies today which offer extruded products to buyers. The extrusion process is generally utilized in production. It is used to create parts of homogeneous cross-sections and is done by squeezing the material all the way through an outlet under high-pressure. Aluminium extrusions are popular all over the world since the metal is easily available on the earth's crust. Besides, aluminium is widely used in several applications and it has numerous advantages as well.

Companies manufacturing extruded aluminium products offer extruded aluminium profiles, systems and finished products and semi-manufactured components. Enterprises manufacturing aluminium products are generally in search of products that can fulfill the needs of the customers. All through the manufacturing process, manufacturers must give close attention to quality, performance, economy and precision. Aluminium extrusion is generally simple, however, it might turn complex in case the demand of customers for extruded products differ. There is an assortment of aluminium extrusion profiles today in the market and people are keener to get the best product for any particular industry. If you are in the automobile industry and are in need of aluminium extruded products you must look for certain shapes that are just the apt for your industry. A company manufacturing aluminium extruded products manufacture according to the supply orders and are capable in offering all kinds of shapes. These extruded products are fabricated and customized and are unique according to needs.

There are several advantages to aluminium extrusion.

Aluminium is a widely available metal and through constant cross section several parts can be manufactured in the most reasonable way. The process of extrusion allows taking advantage of properties of aluminium and it expands. Thus, this manner indeed versatile as you can manufacture several shapes in just a simple process.

However, you need high-tech machinery for the process and you can produce shape indefinitely without spending a fortune in preparation costs. Hence, the process is totally economical. Roll-forming dies, in case you have heard about them they are costlier than extrusion die.

Aluminium extruded products have longer life than items made from steel or plastic. Besides, extrusion is meant to be the most environmentally friendly and economical solution. Aluminium as a metal even when not compared for its aluminium extrusion profiles and to weight properties. Even though it is light weight it has good strength. Aluminium is used for thermal and electrical conductivity. It is not only affordable it is also flexible in terms of shapes and size. It can adept to high temperatures and are thus preferred as utensils when used for heating water or boiling rice. It is corrosion resistant and can offer you good service over years. If you want you can easily recycle the metal. After steel all over the world aluminium is the most trusted and used metal. It can be fabricated to several shapes right from sheets, geometric shapes, to foils, tube, rod and wire.

So, if you are out there looking for aluminium extrusion profiles you can trust the process with closed eyes.

Alspec Aluminium Catalogue

 


https://ferngully.co.za/ratings-2/

Fern Gully Have Aluminium Extrusion List

Aluminium Extrusions Price List South Africa

Aluminum is one of the most used metals in today’s society – Aluminium Extrusions Price List in South Africa  it can be found across a number of industries, such as construction and commercial, and in a number of applications, such as beverage cans and appliances. When choosing a manufacturer of aluminium extrusion for supplying the metal that you use in your workplace, however, it is important that you carefully consider which one will be best for your needs.

Aluminium Windows Cape Town

The manufacturer will begin by removing the aluminium from deep within the earth’s crust (either as bauxite ore or feldspar). Often, the Bayer’s method, Wohler’s method or Hall Heroult method is chosen to remove the metal in its molten form. It is then hardened and moulded into whatever shape the manufacturer desires. When the aluminium is extracted from the earth in its solid form, Aluminum Extrusion Framing it will be passed through a number of mechanical processes that are designed to give the metal its desired shape. These processes include: rolling, drawing, forging, spinning, piercing and extrusion.

Aluminium Windows South Africa

Regardless of whether aluminium has been found in its molten or solid form, the manufacturer will then pass it through either a hot working or cold working process to prepare it for their customers. When using the hot working process (the most popular of the two), a billet will be heated to a temperature of over 79 degrees Celsius, which will allow the aluminium to be easily distorted and placed into its desired shape.

Alspec Aluminium Catalogue

The reason for the popularity of the hot working process over the cold working one can be fully realized when you compare aluminium extrusion to squeezing toothpaste out of its tube. It is much easier to extrude the metal when it is malleable, meaning that it must have been heated to a certain temperature.

Finally, the aluminium will pass through an extrusion and drawing process that runs almost parallel to each other. This is the final step in the whole extrusion process and is the step that gives the metal its entire shape. Deep drawing, for example, is used give the metal a cup, conical tapered, cylinder and seamless tube shape. For less curved shapes, Aluminum Framing System the drawing process is skipped.

Aluminium Windows South Africa

Once you are satisfied with the processes and methods utilized by a potential manufacturer of aluminium extrusions, you can begin submitting your orders with them. If, after your first delivery, you are still satisfied with the manufacturer based on the promptness of the order being filled and the quality of the aluminium that you receive, you can continue the relationship.

Aluminium Extrusions Price List in South Africa?

Aluminium Windows

Aluminum Sliding doors are stackable doors of many panels that move entirely to one side stacked neatly together. Their earliest form can be seen in traditional Japanese architecture. Now they are a definite feature of most public spaces like malls, hospitals etc. They are manufactured with a sophisticated track and frame system with a superior sliding mechanism. They offer an energetic look to any property and helps to maximize the light in the room and achieving the full potential of the view. They are a feasible alternative to bi-folding doors, with a sash width going up to 120 cms.

What are the advantages of automatic aluminum sliding frame doors

· Disabled friendly - These automatic doors open and close on their own.

· Safety features - they have up to date safety features and wireless remote control as well. Timers allow security personnel to lock the doors without having to be present near them.

· Gives Footfall account - the number of times the door opens can be obtained. This is useful footfall information in malls or shops.

· Style and variety. These doors are available in aluminum, which can be painted to depict the company's logo etc. in an office. The latest frameless glass doors are very popular among offices, where they allow an uninterrupted view of the proceedings outside.

· They allow for heat or coolness retention since they open only when somebody approaches the door

What are the parts of an automatic aluminum sliding door

An automatic sliding door normally consists of the following parts

· Operator

· Header

· Track

· Carrier wheels

· Sliding door panel(s)

· Sidelite panel(s)

· Jambs

· Lock and activation/ safety setup

The door panels are made from extruded aluminum profiles and safety glass for visibility.

Applications of automatic sliding aluminum doors

· Higher the traffic through the doors, heavier will be the moving panel.

Good for offices, hospitals, malls, banks, restaurants, art galleries etc.

· Fire and smoke door applications

· Energy conservation

· Security control, directional control or card access control applications

Testing procedures - The doors are made to open and close automatically for forty eight hours at a stretch.

How are they assembled?

· When they are shipped, the instructions for installation accompany them.

· The instructions are to be read fully

· Two or more people are required to install it

· Be careful when handling the glass

· Operate power tools carefully according to manufacturer's instructions

What is weatherstripping?

Weatherstripping is sealing the sliding panels from the elements of the weather by an insulation strip. This has to be replaced when it gets worn out.

What are the things to watch out for in automatic sliding doors

· Installation is not easy - the tracks have to be perfectly aligned, and more than one person is required to install a sliding door.

· The track attracts dirt because it is a series of grooves in which dirt accumulates very fast

· The doors get jammed sometimes because of the rust and dirt of the metal parts. They have to be changed in this case. Regular oiling helps too.

· If there is a power cut, they will get jammed and they have to be forced open.

Aluminum Folding Doors - Add Elegance by Choosing Secure Aluminium Doors and Windows for Your Home

Aluminium Windows

High strength aluminium alloys.

The origin of aluminium alloys in aircraft construction started with the first practical all-metal aircraft in 1915 made by Junkers in Germany, of materials said to be `iron and steel'. Steel presented the advantages of a high modulus of elasticity, high proof stress and high tensile strength. Unfortunately these were accompanied by a high specific gravity, almost three times that of the aluminium alloys and about ten times that of plywood. Aircraft designers during the 1930s were therefore forced to use steel in its thinnest forms. To ensure stability against buckling of the thin plate, intricate shapes for spar sections were devised.

In 1909 Alfred Wilm, in Germany, accidentally discovered that an aluminium alloy containing 3.5 per cent copper, 0.5 per cent magnesium and silicon and iron, as unintended impurities, spontaneously hardened after quenching from about 480°C. The patent rights of this material were acquired by Durener Metallwerke who marketed the alloy under the name Duralumin. For half a century this alloy has been used in the wrought heat-treated, naturally aged condition. The improvements in these properties produced by artificial ageing at a raised temperature of, for example, 175°C, were not exploited in the aircraft industry until about 1934.

In addition to the development of duralumin (first used as a main structural material by Junkers in 1917) three other causes contributed to the replacement of steel by aluminium alloys. These were a better understanding of the process of heat treatment, the introduction of extrusions in a wide range of sections and the use of pure aluminium cladding to provide greater resistance to corrosion. By 1938, three groups of aluminium alloys dominated the field of aircraft construction and, in fact, they retain their importance to the present day. The groups are separated by virtue of their chemical composition, to which they owe their capacity for strengthening under heat treatment.

The first group is contained under the general name duralumin having a typical composition of: 4 per cent copper, 0.5 per cent magnesium, 0.5 per cent manganese, 0.3 per cent silicon, 0.2 per cent iron, with the remainder aluminium. The naturally aged version was covered by Air Ministry Specification DTD 18 issued in 1924, while artificially aged duralumin came under Specification DTD 111 in 1929. DTD 111 provided for slight reductions in 0.1 per cent proof stress and tensile strength.

The second group of aluminium alloys differs from duralumin chiefly by the introduction of 1 to 2 per cent of nickel, a high content of magnesium and possible variations in the amounts of copper, silicon and iron. `Y' alloy, the oldest member of the group, has a typical composition of. 4 per cent copper, 2 per cent nickel, 1.5 cent magnesium, the remainder being aluminium and was covered by Specification DTD 58A issued in 1927. Its most important property was its retention of strength at high temperatures, which meant that it was a particularly suitable material for aero engine pistons. Its use in airframe construction has been of a limited nature only. Research by Rolls-Royce and development by High Duty Alloys Ltd produced the `RR' series of alloys. Based on Y alloy, the RR alloys had some of the nickel replaced by iron and the copper reduced. One of the earliest of these alloys, RR56 had approximately half of the 2 per cent nickel replaced by iron, the copper content reduced from 4 to 2 per cent, and was used for forgings and extrusions in aero engines and airframes.

The third and latest group depends upon the inclusion of zinc and magnesium and their high strength. Covered by Specification DTD 363 issued in 1937, these alloys had a nominal composition: 2.5 per cent copper, 5 per cent zinc, 3 per cent magnesium and up to 1 per cent nickel. In modern versions of this alloy nickel has been eliminated and provision made for the addition of chromium and further amounts of manganese.

Aircraft structural aluminium.

Of the three basic structural materials, namely wood, steel and aluminium alloy, only wood is no longer of significance except in laminates for non-structural bulkheads, floorings and furnishings. Most modern aircraft still rely on modified forms of the high strength aerospace aluminium alloys which were introduced during the early part of the 20th century. Steels are used where high strength, high stiffness and wear resistance are required. Other materials, such as titanium and fibre-reinforced composites first used about 1950, are finding expanding uses in airframe construction.

Alspec Aluminium Catalogue

 


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Fern Gully Have Aluminium Extrusion List