Aluminium Profile Section Recommended

Aluminum is one of the most used metals in today’s society – Aluminium Profile Section in Recommended  it can be found across a number of industries, such as construction and commercial, and in a number of applications, such as beverage cans and appliances. When choosing a manufacturer of aluminium extrusion for supplying the metal that you use in your workplace, however, it is important that you carefully consider which one will be best for your needs.

Aluminium Windows

The manufacturer will begin by removing the aluminium from deep within the earth’s crust (either as bauxite ore or feldspar). Often, the Bayer’s method, Wohler’s method or Hall Heroult method is chosen to remove the metal in its molten form. It is then hardened and moulded into whatever shape the manufacturer desires. When the aluminium is extracted from the earth in its solid form, Aluminium Structural Framing it will be passed through a number of mechanical processes that are designed to give the metal its desired shape. These processes include: rolling, drawing, forging, spinning, piercing and extrusion.

Aluminium Windows

Regardless of whether aluminium has been found in its molten or solid form, the manufacturer will then pass it through either a hot working or cold working process to prepare it for their customers. When using the hot working process (the most popular of the two), a billet will be heated to a temperature of over 79 degrees Celsius, which will allow the aluminium to be easily distorted and placed into its desired shape.

Aluminium Window Frames For Sale

The reason for the popularity of the hot working process over the cold working one can be fully realized when you compare aluminium extrusion to squeezing toothpaste out of its tube. It is much easier to extrude the metal when it is malleable, meaning that it must have been heated to a certain temperature.

Finally, the aluminium will pass through an extrusion and drawing process that runs almost parallel to each other. This is the final step in the whole extrusion process and is the step that gives the metal its entire shape. Deep drawing, for example, is used give the metal a cup, conical tapered, cylinder and seamless tube shape. For less curved shapes, Where To Buy Aluminum Extrusion the drawing process is skipped.

Aluminium Windows

Once you are satisfied with the processes and methods utilized by a potential manufacturer of aluminium extrusions, you can begin submitting your orders with them. If, after your first delivery, you are still satisfied with the manufacturer based on the promptness of the order being filled and the quality of the aluminium that you receive, you can continue the relationship.

Aluminium Profile Section in Recommended?

Aluminium Sections Catalogue

Aluminum is a non-ferrous metal (which means it will not draw a magnet) that is lightweight. There are several different grades of scrap aluminum, and all of them vary in price. At most scrapyards, aluminum is broken down into the following grades:

Cast Aluminum

Radiators (clean and contaminated)

Extrusions (clean and contaminated)

Wheels (Clean and Chrome Plated)

Siding

Aluminum/Copper Radiators (clean and contaminated)

Old Sheet

Cast aluminum is very brittle and when broken, the inside will appear very grainy. A majority of the cast aluminum that comes across our scale is from auto parts. Transmission housings, engine cylinder heads, and electronic covers are all examples of cast aluminum auto parts. Other miscellaneous items that are made of cast aluminum include BBQ covers, some hot plates and skillets, and some light housings.

Aluminum radiators can be brought to our yard in two forms, contaminated or clean. A clean aluminum radiator must have all tanks, hoses, and steel and plastic removed. The plastic tanks on each end of the radiator will typically contain steel, sometimes however they will contain a tube made of aluminum or brass.

Extrusion is the process of pushing material through a die to give it a particular shape, very much like a Play-Doh spaghetti machine. The most common form of aluminum extrusion we see is window frames, but it is used very often in other framing systems and structural applications. Extrusions are broken down into contaminated and clean grades, with clean extrusion containing no steel, plastic, rubber, or insulation.

Aluminum Wheels come in two varieties, aluminum and chrome plated aluminum. Chrome plated wheels are worth a little less than pure aluminum due to the chrome contamination. Wheels with plastic face covers are also considered chrome plated due to the contamination of plastic and glue. Our listed wheel price assumes wheel weights, valve stems, and center caps are still attached. If these have been removed from your wheels discuss it with our scale operator and he may be able to increase your price.

Aluminum siding also includes gutters, downspouts, and other flat stock aluminum items. To receive the aluminum siding price, the material must not contain steel, Styrofoam, tar, insulation or any other contamination.

Aluminum/copper radiators are found in air conditioning units. They are copper tubes surrounded by aluminum fins. A clean aluminum/copper radiator will contain no steel flanges. If the steel flanges are cut off of a dirty aluminum/copper radiator, the rest of the radiator can be sold as clean and the flanges can be sold as aluminum breakage if they still contain some aluminum and copper.

Old sheet is the lowest grade of scrap aluminum and just about everything that has not been mentioned so far falls into this category. Some common aluminum sheet items include pots and pans, pop cans, lawn chairs, and screens. Siding containing excessive Styrofoam or tar will also be bought as aluminum sheet.

Aluminium Doors or Steel Doors, Which Are Better?

Aluminium Windows South Africa

Aluminum is the preferred material for door and window frames due to its inherent structural and aesthetic properties. Doors and windows made of aluminum frames with glass glazing may look the same from a distance but take a closer look and the difference between quality product and one that is fabricated by a local fabricator becomes apparent. If you are investing in doors and windows it pays to buy only quality products.


Seamless integration of hardware with aluminum frame


The looks as well as performance of aluminum windows are dependent on and influenced by the way hardware is integrated into the frame. If the window has hinges then the way hinges are designed and fitted to the frame has a bearing on ease of opening and closing as well as reducing gaps and thereby preventing energy losses. Quality manufacturers design and manufacture their own hardware to go along with windows and doors.


Precision fabrication


Most general fabricators do not work to tight tolerances while fabricating frames from aluminum profiles. There can be gaps between joins and this can look unseemly and if the frame sections are not well aligned, closing and opening them becomes a chore. Quality manufacturers also include thermal breaks and a foam core that provide additional insulation.


Finish


Quality manufacturers offer aluminum in a variety of finishes such as natural anodized finish in various shades, metallic colours, permanent colour fast powder coating and woodgrain foil overlay for a natural look. You can go a step further and choose aluminum frames that have one colour finish for interiors and another on the exterior to match building facades.


Single or double or triple glazing?


When double glazed windows offer so many advantages there is little point in saving some money by choosing single glazing. Double or even triple glazing is better from energy conservation as well as acoustic insulation perspective. Some advanced manufacturers offer gas filled and totally sealed double glazing. You also have the choice of blinds integrated inside the glazing, which makes for a neater appearance and ease of use. When one talks about glazing, it must be kept in mind that glass varies widely. It is recommended to look for windows with low E internal glass and possibly toughened glass so that, in the event the glass breaks, the floor is not littered with glass shards. You can also select glass that is coated to reflect heat and thus reduce energy consumption.


How secure are the aluminum windows?


Quality manufacturers offer windows that conform to British Standards PAS 24:2012. Material, design and manufacture of the windows makes it difficult for would be burglars to force the windows. You should look for multipoint steel locking system and internal glazing for better security.


It pays to invest in world recognized brands offering quality aluminum windows. Windows look perfect from inside and from the outside. They will be easy to operate and you will enjoy their use for years with minimum maintenance. It may cost more initially but a quality aluminum window also adds to the value of your house.

Aluminium Windows Cape Town

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Aluminium Profile Section Easy

Aluminum is one of the most used metals in today’s society – Aluminium Profile Section in Easy  it can be found across a number of industries, such as construction and commercial, and in a number of applications, such as beverage cans and appliances. When choosing a manufacturer of aluminium extrusion for supplying the metal that you use in your workplace, however, it is important that you carefully consider which one will be best for your needs.

Aluminium Windows Cape Town

The manufacturer will begin by removing the aluminium from deep within the earth’s crust (either as bauxite ore or feldspar). Often, the Bayer’s method, Wohler’s method or Hall Heroult method is chosen to remove the metal in its molten form. It is then hardened and moulded into whatever shape the manufacturer desires. When the aluminium is extracted from the earth in its solid form, Aluminum Cabinet Extrusions it will be passed through a number of mechanical processes that are designed to give the metal its desired shape. These processes include: rolling, drawing, forging, spinning, piercing and extrusion.

Aluminium Window Sections Catalogue

Regardless of whether aluminium has been found in its molten or solid form, the manufacturer will then pass it through either a hot working or cold working process to prepare it for their customers. When using the hot working process (the most popular of the two), a billet will be heated to a temperature of over 79 degrees Celsius, which will allow the aluminium to be easily distorted and placed into its desired shape.

Aluminium Windows

The reason for the popularity of the hot working process over the cold working one can be fully realized when you compare aluminium extrusion to squeezing toothpaste out of its tube. It is much easier to extrude the metal when it is malleable, meaning that it must have been heated to a certain temperature.

Finally, the aluminium will pass through an extrusion and drawing process that runs almost parallel to each other. This is the final step in the whole extrusion process and is the step that gives the metal its entire shape. Deep drawing, for example, is used give the metal a cup, conical tapered, cylinder and seamless tube shape. For less curved shapes, Modular Aluminium Frame the drawing process is skipped.

Alspec Aluminium Catalogue

Once you are satisfied with the processes and methods utilized by a potential manufacturer of aluminium extrusions, you can begin submitting your orders with them. If, after your first delivery, you are still satisfied with the manufacturer based on the promptness of the order being filled and the quality of the aluminium that you receive, you can continue the relationship.

Aluminium Profile Section in Easy?

Aluminium Window Frames Catalogue

The process of aluminum extrusion is simple and easy however it is very significant to know why extrusion is so important. In general metals like steel and aluminum is put to use in several industries, right from automobile, to telecommunication, transport, utensil manufacturing and at times even in the toy industry. Thus, both of these metals are in huge demand and find place is almost all the major manufacturing industries in the world.

Just after steel, aluminum is the other metal which is hugely popular all over the world. This can put in a manner stating that aluminum is the second most popular metal in the globe after steel. The former is widely available, has impressive properties, and is affordable, light weight, can withstand high temperatures and so on. And above all the aluminum extrusion involved in getting different shapes and forms for suppliers is cost-effective and simple. Both in US and Europe building industry and the telecom as well is highly dependent on aluminum extruded products. These products find a number of usages and are used in many applications.

So, what is aluminum extrusion? This is a process through which aluminum is given certain shapes and forms. It starts with the hot cylindrical billet of aluminum which is pushed through a shaped die. The billet is cut from DC cast log and placed in heated container (450°C - 500°C). When pushed through the die the metal flows through the steel die. The die is placed at the other end of the container. Now, once the log passes it produces a section, this can be cut into shapes either in long length or short. The section is cuts according to the customized demands of the clients since the log is meant to be used for any particular industry. In certain extrusion process rectangular shaped billets. In this process only wide section sized extrusions are produced. This again depends according the demands of the supplier.

Aluminum extrusion is done for several kinds of industry and these aluminum extruded products are very commonly used in building industry. In this industry you can use aluminum in prefabricated houses/building structures, window and door frame systems, curtain walling, roofing and exterior cladding, and shop fronts. Besides, they also find place in the telecommunication and transport industry. In transport industry aluminum extruded products are found in rail vehicles, marine applications, airframes and for vehicles on the road.

So, what makes aluminum so popular? It is the versatility and the flexibility of the material that turns in so popular. Since aluminum is high temperature resistance and is corrosion resistant as well it is used to make utensils and is also used on transport vehicles. Besides, it is strong even though it is light weight and thus it is used in airframes.

So, if you are out there still deciding on selecting aluminum extruded products or some other metal you can give your votes to this metal as it is affordable and durable as well. No more second thoughts to this go ahead with aluminum extrusion and the products.

How Custom Bi-Fold Doors Can Help You Save Space

Aluminium Window Frames For Sale

The proper placement of doors and windows is essential in a house for the good light and ventilation. So, what would be better than having the option of aluminium doors and windows? The correct ventilation not only provides you with fresh air but keeps the house cool and cuts down the electricity bills, to a certain extent. There are many other green and eco friendly materials for this purpose, but they don't give a good appealing view. Aluminium, on the other hand, has all these qualities and looks appealing to the eye also. They are super efficient, strong, light weight and cheap too. It also has other qualities like it can withstand many harsh factors like the chemicals, heat, corrosion, etc.

The other advantage of the aluminium doors and windows is that they are available in a huge range of shapes, designs, sizes and with different color finishes. The finishes include matte, solid, shiny, etc. You can also get it personalized paint finishes or faux finishes of your own choice. There is an option of the danmer customized doors windows and shutters. They are available in the form of the sliding doors, fixed windows, and many more. These would improve the indoor of your house.

These doors and windows consume far less space than the traditional ones made of iron or wood. This can be a boon in case you have less space at your place. Therefore, you can fit more and more things in a small area with the help of the aluminium doors and windows.

The other factor that makes it different from others is that these windows and doors are very easy to install and only require a bit of information. They are eco friendly and can be recycled. If combined with fiberglass or the plastic glass, then it could be the most intelligent thing one can do. It is the best combination which is attractive and low maintenance for the long run.

The doors and windows made of aluminium are extremely useful and can be recycled. It has many advantages over the wooden or the iron windows. So, the best option for your house is to have the proper symmetry and matching of the windows and doors which would make your house beautiful.

Aluminium Window Sections Catalogue

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Fern Gully Have Aluminium Section List

Aluminium Profile Section Top

Aluminum is one of the most used metals in today’s society – Aluminium Profile Section in Top  it can be found across a number of industries, such as construction and commercial, and in a number of applications, such as beverage cans and appliances. When choosing a manufacturer of aluminium extrusion for supplying the metal that you use in your workplace, however, it is important that you carefully consider which one will be best for your needs.

Aluminium Window Frames Details

The manufacturer will begin by removing the aluminium from deep within the earth’s crust (either as bauxite ore or feldspar). Often, the Bayer’s method, Wohler’s method or Hall Heroult method is chosen to remove the metal in its molten form. It is then hardened and moulded into whatever shape the manufacturer desires. When the aluminium is extracted from the earth in its solid form, Aluminum Extrusions For Glass it will be passed through a number of mechanical processes that are designed to give the metal its desired shape. These processes include: rolling, drawing, forging, spinning, piercing and extrusion.

Aluminium Window Sections Catalogue

Regardless of whether aluminium has been found in its molten or solid form, the manufacturer will then pass it through either a hot working or cold working process to prepare it for their customers. When using the hot working process (the most popular of the two), a billet will be heated to a temperature of over 79 degrees Celsius, which will allow the aluminium to be easily distorted and placed into its desired shape.

Aluminium Sections Catalogue

The reason for the popularity of the hot working process over the cold working one can be fully realized when you compare aluminium extrusion to squeezing toothpaste out of its tube. It is much easier to extrude the metal when it is malleable, meaning that it must have been heated to a certain temperature.

Finally, the aluminium will pass through an extrusion and drawing process that runs almost parallel to each other. This is the final step in the whole extrusion process and is the step that gives the metal its entire shape. Deep drawing, for example, is used give the metal a cup, conical tapered, cylinder and seamless tube shape. For less curved shapes, Aluminum Framing System the drawing process is skipped.

Aluminium Windows Cape Town

Once you are satisfied with the processes and methods utilized by a potential manufacturer of aluminium extrusions, you can begin submitting your orders with them. If, after your first delivery, you are still satisfied with the manufacturer based on the promptness of the order being filled and the quality of the aluminium that you receive, you can continue the relationship.

Aluminium Profile Section in Top?

Alspec Aluminium Catalogue

Having lived with all three types of windows and patio doors in the past three years, I feel that I am an 'expert user' when it comes to opening and closing in each medium: wood, pvc and aluminium.

First, the novice's choice: wood. It looks great, feels warm, can be stained a medium or dark shade or painted any colour of the spectrum. It's an age-old medium so what can go wrong? The main problems are humidity and strong sunlight.

There are varying qualities of wood on offer, depending on your budget. A moderately-priced pair of French doors on a south-facing house wall suffered a degree of warping, creating gaps that had to be plugged each winter in an attempt to keep the cold draughts at bay whereas, in warmer damp circumstances, the door had to be forcibly pushed and pulled back into its aperture.

Two good summers and the four coats of varnish had virtually vapourised, revealing cracking wood that needed nourishing and protecting from the next couple of years' weather.

Second, the double-glazing salesman's special offer: PVC. Overpriced by a couple of well-known companies who then discount by 50% if you hesitate, PVC is also available in varying qualities. At the higher end of the market, the frames are often reinforced with metal.

Generally with more features than wooden doors and windows, PVC should not require much more than a quick wipe with a damp cloth for the first few years and its looks are therefore easier to maintain. We have some PVC French Doors from the lower price range. As value for money, they are quite good but an element of trust is lacking in terms of defence against determined intruders. They feel floppy and flimsy when opening and closing and there's a knack to locking and unlocking them successfully. We have older PVC doors from the higher price range and, whilst more sturdy (reinforced with metal) they are looking a tad ratty.

The PVC windows screeched with wind whistling through, like semi-detached tinnitus.

Thirdly and finally, the long term investment: powder-coated aluminium frames. If you are fed up with sanding down wooden frames and considering the easy option of PVC or coated aluminium, particularly for a wide opening with multi-folding doors. Consider whether PVC is up to the task of substituting for the wall of your house.

Stand back and look through closed doors at the difference between PVC and aluminium - it is very noticeable. With PVC, there are windows of scenery between wide areas of plastic (two frames together might measure between 8 and 10 inches, 20 to 25cms) so the doors block up to 20 per cent of the potential view and light-source.
 
Aluminium frames on bifolding doors from manufacturer SunSeeker Doors, being stronger, are only about 2 inches or 5 centimeters. The profile is also considerably smaller so the doors use far less space than PVC or wood when folded back. For those who want color, several options are available to order, the most popular (after standard white) are: Grey, blue, green, brown and silver. Aluminium Frames are more expensive than cheap PVC or wood but prices are comparable with the better quality PVC doors. Is aluminum worth the extra cost? If you want the "wow" factor, strength, longevity, maximum living space and the most panoramic view,Yes.

Metal Fabrication Equipment - Examples of Machines Used in Various Industries

Aluminium Windows

When you are refurbishing or extending your house or building a new one you will face the question of which door material to use. Aluminum doors or steel doors? The most commonly used door materials are the aluminium, wood, PVC, steel, but which is better? Let's show the facts and situations to use either aluminium doors or steel doors.

One of the most important characteristics of a door is the durability. The durability greatly depends on the environment where the door is implemented, the conditions of use or the area where it is installed.

Exteriors

This is one of the biggest obstacles for using doors. Although we can use some stainless steel that combines iron, chromium, and many other elements. It can be a little expensive if we want great corrosion resistance and thus, durability. Stainless steel can get marked up with fingerprints and grease, develop discolouration, scratches and eventually rust. In coastal areas, the corrosion issues get worse decreasing the useful life of the steel door, so the maintenance with protective layers of paint is periodically needed.

On the other hand, the aluminium doors are the perfect choice for outsides since it has a natural resistance to corrosion that makes it maintenance free. For example, the aluminium doors are even lighter than their steel counterparts at a very similar price, and the flexibility of the material offers much more profile styles than doors. So let's say aluminium doors are mostly recommended for the steel doors for the outsides unless you need the structural strength of the steel for hard use or safety reasons.

Insides

In this situation, the steel doors are preferred since they are cheaper, safer and more resistant than aluminium since it cannot be kicked and is extremely hard to bend, even using tools. The aluminium counterpart can be more expensive, but it can give a premium feel to the door when the correct door style is used. Additionally, the aluminium doors offer a great variety of finishes and colours that result in a nice look in the right circumstances. The steel doors can be stylish too since they do an excellent job of imitating the wood with the use of some advanced state-of-art door.

Home security

Home intruders are one of the major concerns for every family guy. The best option for security issues are the steel doors since the steel is one of the strongest material to manufacture a door. The steel door won't crack or warp, and there are some high-security steel door models that feature a large number of locks and hinges with different style designs. There is also some high-security doors that use aluminium as a main metal component, so the aluminium doors are not left behind on this subject.

Thermal insulations

Both door presentations are not solid steel or aluminium. They have foam, wood, polyurethane or polystyrene foam or fiberglass core to prevent the heat transfer. So, in this case, both doors have a great thermal insulation that will help you to keep your house warm in the winter and cool in the summer, making them energy efficient.

Esthetics
As mentioned before, the aluminium offers a choice of colours to match the style of your home. Meanwhile, when we want to avoid the rust on the steel, the galvanized steel is recommended. Nonetheless, this kind of steel is not easy to customize or paint. If you want a customized steel door that endures at lifetime, you have to pay for the premium stainless steel, which is not cheap at all. An alternative to premium stainless steel but not as good-looking is a coat of weather-resistant paint since the steel can accept a large variety of paint types but they must be weather-resistant to prevent corrosion and be falling apart because of the rust expansion in the steel door.

Cost

The cost of the steel and aluminium doors depends greatly on the security level, style, and corrosion resistance. The steel doors can be really inexpensive when the corrosion resistance is not required, and its maintenance is easy to do. But if you need corrosion resistance, galvanized steel could be a cheap but not an aesthetic option. The expensive premium steel offers the bests doors in terms of aesthetics, security and endurance options.

In the case of the aluminium doors, they are cheaper than premium steel doors, but they offer improved natural corrosion resistance for a longer useful life. Nonetheless, the aluminium doors are not made for hard use which can hinder its useful life and result in an extra cost by replacing the door after a rigorous use as is in a patio with kids and pets.

Verdict

Both doors have enormous potential in different areas, but if you do not care about saving money, I think the winners are the doors thanks to its great versatility and variety of presentation for almost any budget and environment. The steel doors are a reliable option for security, durability, and aesthetics.

The aluminium doors are quite good as well, they offer a maintenance free material with excellent durability for a reasonable price. However, it lacks structural strength in comparison to the steel doors. You have the ultimate decision to choose the best door that can fit your style, secure and budget requirements.

Alspec Aluminium Catalogue

 


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Fern Gully Have Aluminium Section List

Aluminium Profile Section List

Aluminum is one of the most used metals in today’s society – Aluminium Profile Section in List   it can be found across a number of industries, such as construction and commercial, and in a number of applications, such as beverage cans and appliances. When choosing a manufacturer of aluminium extrusion for supplying the metal that you use in your workplace, however, it is important that you carefully consider which one will be best for your needs.

Aluminium Windows

The manufacturer will begin by removing the aluminium from deep within the earth’s crust (either as bauxite ore or feldspar). Often, the Bayer’s method, Wohler’s method or Hall Heroult method is chosen to remove the metal in its molten form. It is then hardened and moulded into whatever shape the manufacturer desires. When the aluminium is extracted from the earth in its solid form, Aluminum Framing System it will be passed through a number of mechanical processes that are designed to give the metal its desired shape. These processes include: rolling, drawing, forging, spinning, piercing and extrusion.

Aluminium Window Frames For Sale

Regardless of whether aluminium has been found in its molten or solid form, the manufacturer will then pass it through either a hot working or cold working process to prepare it for their customers. When using the hot working process (the most popular of the two), a billet will be heated to a temperature of over 79 degrees Celsius, which will allow the aluminium to be easily distorted and placed into its desired shape.

Aluminium Windows Pretoria

The reason for the popularity of the hot working process over the cold working one can be fully realized when you compare aluminium extrusion to squeezing toothpaste out of its tube. It is much easier to extrude the metal when it is malleable, meaning that it must have been heated to a certain temperature.

Finally, the aluminium will pass through an extrusion and drawing process that runs almost parallel to each other. This is the final step in the whole extrusion process and is the step that gives the metal its entire shape. Deep drawing, for example, is used give the metal a cup, conical tapered, cylinder and seamless tube shape. For less curved shapes, Buy Aluminum Extrusion the drawing process is skipped.

Alspec Aluminium Catalogue

Once you are satisfied with the processes and methods utilized by a potential manufacturer of aluminium extrusions, you can begin submitting your orders with them. If, after your first delivery, you are still satisfied with the manufacturer based on the promptness of the order being filled and the quality of the aluminium that you receive, you can continue the relationship.

Aluminium Profile Section in List ?

Aluminium Window Frames For Sale

High strength aluminium alloys.

The origin of aluminium alloys in aircraft construction started with the first practical all-metal aircraft in 1915 made by Junkers in Germany, of materials said to be `iron and steel'. Steel presented the advantages of a high modulus of elasticity, high proof stress and high tensile strength. Unfortunately these were accompanied by a high specific gravity, almost three times that of the aluminium alloys and about ten times that of plywood. Aircraft designers during the 1930s were therefore forced to use steel in its thinnest forms. To ensure stability against buckling of the thin plate, intricate shapes for spar sections were devised.

In 1909 Alfred Wilm, in Germany, accidentally discovered that an aluminium alloy containing 3.5 per cent copper, 0.5 per cent magnesium and silicon and iron, as unintended impurities, spontaneously hardened after quenching from about 480°C. The patent rights of this material were acquired by Durener Metallwerke who marketed the alloy under the name Duralumin. For half a century this alloy has been used in the wrought heat-treated, naturally aged condition. The improvements in these properties produced by artificial ageing at a raised temperature of, for example, 175°C, were not exploited in the aircraft industry until about 1934.

In addition to the development of duralumin (first used as a main structural material by Junkers in 1917) three other causes contributed to the replacement of steel by aluminium alloys. These were a better understanding of the process of heat treatment, the introduction of extrusions in a wide range of sections and the use of pure aluminium cladding to provide greater resistance to corrosion. By 1938, three groups of aluminium alloys dominated the field of aircraft construction and, in fact, they retain their importance to the present day. The groups are separated by virtue of their chemical composition, to which they owe their capacity for strengthening under heat treatment.

The first group is contained under the general name duralumin having a typical composition of: 4 per cent copper, 0.5 per cent magnesium, 0.5 per cent manganese, 0.3 per cent silicon, 0.2 per cent iron, with the remainder aluminium. The naturally aged version was covered by Air Ministry Specification DTD 18 issued in 1924, while artificially aged duralumin came under Specification DTD 111 in 1929. DTD 111 provided for slight reductions in 0.1 per cent proof stress and tensile strength.

The second group of aluminium alloys differs from duralumin chiefly by the introduction of 1 to 2 per cent of nickel, a high content of magnesium and possible variations in the amounts of copper, silicon and iron. `Y' alloy, the oldest member of the group, has a typical composition of. 4 per cent copper, 2 per cent nickel, 1.5 cent magnesium, the remainder being aluminium and was covered by Specification DTD 58A issued in 1927. Its most important property was its retention of strength at high temperatures, which meant that it was a particularly suitable material for aero engine pistons. Its use in airframe construction has been of a limited nature only. Research by Rolls-Royce and development by High Duty Alloys Ltd produced the `RR' series of alloys. Based on Y alloy, the RR alloys had some of the nickel replaced by iron and the copper reduced. One of the earliest of these alloys, RR56 had approximately half of the 2 per cent nickel replaced by iron, the copper content reduced from 4 to 2 per cent, and was used for forgings and extrusions in aero engines and airframes.

The third and latest group depends upon the inclusion of zinc and magnesium and their high strength. Covered by Specification DTD 363 issued in 1937, these alloys had a nominal composition: 2.5 per cent copper, 5 per cent zinc, 3 per cent magnesium and up to 1 per cent nickel. In modern versions of this alloy nickel has been eliminated and provision made for the addition of chromium and further amounts of manganese.

Aircraft structural aluminium.

Of the three basic structural materials, namely wood, steel and aluminium alloy, only wood is no longer of significance except in laminates for non-structural bulkheads, floorings and furnishings. Most modern aircraft still rely on modified forms of the high strength aerospace aluminium alloys which were introduced during the early part of the 20th century. Steels are used where high strength, high stiffness and wear resistance are required. Other materials, such as titanium and fibre-reinforced composites first used about 1950, are finding expanding uses in airframe construction.

Aluminum Frames Vs PVC Or Wood - Are They Worth the Extra Cost?

Aluminium Window Frames Catalogue

Porch Railings - First And Lasting Impression

The porch railing is the first thing your visitors sees and in order that it makes a lasting impression, this article gives you tips for porch railings. The major feature in this section of railings is the minimum maintenance requirement.

The Form And Look - Essence Of Porch Railing

Since the porch is the first thing, a visitor observes after getting down from the car it always makes a lasting impression on the visitor. Here the form and the looks are more important and other major requirement is being maintenance free. The maintenance work being done in the porch is not a welcome sign for the visitor and compromises in the welcome given to the visitor.

Materials Used In Porch Railings

Materials have to be carefully selected for porch railings, workability is more important since the form, and looks are more important here. Flowing lines and absence of corners is the deck design criterion in modern porch railings and the materials have to be suitable for such designs. Most common materials are,

  1. Stainless Steel: Because of high workability and the fact that it maintains shine for a long time and that too in adverse conditions, stainless steel is the preferred material in porch railings. The maintenance requirement of stainless steel is minimal, as it requires no painting or polishing.
  2. PVC coated steel: The steel can be coated with PVC in multiple colors. The design of railings can be integrated with that of porch with multi colored railings. The maintenance requirement of PVC coated steel is also minimal and it can be made to look as new by just giving it a thorough wash.
  3. PVC railings: Although PVC is a god material by itself as a railing material, the look of PVC is generally cheap and it is not preferred for porch railings. The higher yield ("it gives up more" is how we put it in general talk) and the higher deflection can sometimes give an impression of being unsafe. Therefore, it is not used as material for porch railing.
  4. Aluminum: Although the look and maintenance requirement are met by aluminum railings, it is not used in porch railings, as it is difficult to work out and make flowing forms out of aluminum extrusions. Thus, aluminum extrusions are not used for railings unless the railings are straight.
Make your choice of material porch railings and make a good first impression on your visitor and it sure will last for a long time. Aluminium Window Frames Catalogue

 


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