Aluminium Extrusions Dandenong Review

Aluminum is one of the most used metals in today’s society – Aluminium Extrusions Dandenong in Review  it can be found across a number of industries, such as construction and commercial, and in a number of applications, such as beverage cans and appliances. When choosing a manufacturer of aluminium extrusion for supplying the metal that you use in your workplace, however, it is important that you carefully consider which one will be best for your needs.

Aluminium Window Sections Catalogue

The manufacturer will begin by removing the aluminium from deep within the earth’s crust (either as bauxite ore or feldspar). Often, the Bayer’s method, Wohler’s method or Hall Heroult method is chosen to remove the metal in its molten form. It is then hardened and moulded into whatever shape the manufacturer desires. When the aluminium is extracted from the earth in its solid form, Aluminium Structural Framing it will be passed through a number of mechanical processes that are designed to give the metal its desired shape. These processes include: rolling, drawing, forging, spinning, piercing and extrusion.

Aluminium Sections Catalogue

Regardless of whether aluminium has been found in its molten or solid form, the manufacturer will then pass it through either a hot working or cold working process to prepare it for their customers. When using the hot working process (the most popular of the two), a billet will be heated to a temperature of over 79 degrees Celsius, which will allow the aluminium to be easily distorted and placed into its desired shape.

Aluminium Windows South Africa

The reason for the popularity of the hot working process over the cold working one can be fully realized when you compare aluminium extrusion to squeezing toothpaste out of its tube. It is much easier to extrude the metal when it is malleable, meaning that it must have been heated to a certain temperature.

Finally, the aluminium will pass through an extrusion and drawing process that runs almost parallel to each other. This is the final step in the whole extrusion process and is the step that gives the metal its entire shape. Deep drawing, for example, is used give the metal a cup, conical tapered, cylinder and seamless tube shape. For less curved shapes, Flat Aluminum Extrusions the drawing process is skipped.

Aluminium Windows

Once you are satisfied with the processes and methods utilized by a potential manufacturer of aluminium extrusions, you can begin submitting your orders with them. If, after your first delivery, you are still satisfied with the manufacturer based on the promptness of the order being filled and the quality of the aluminium that you receive, you can continue the relationship.

Aluminium Extrusions Dandenong in Review?

Aluminium Window Sections Catalogue

When purchasing your aluminum profile system, it is important to use aluminum profile systems that represent the latest in technological progress. They are available and many have highly competitive prices.

What is an aluminum profile system?

Aluminum profile systems are extruded shapes (tubing, bar stock, angles, rods, ducts, channels, air supply systems, pipe racks, etc.) made from aluminum. Extrusion is a process by which different aluminum shapes are formed from a cylindrical hydraulic press. The press forces the aluminum through the die and the extruded aluminum results in the desire shape.

What is the history of aluminum extrusions?

Patented in 1970, the extrusion process was first used to make lead pipes. Lead, copper, iron, and steel have a much longer history than aluminum, which was first identified in 1807.

At first aluminum was considered more precious than gold. However, with the advent of the smelting process and the modern hot extrusion process in the 1880's, it became extremely affordable. Aluminum, the metal most used for extrusion, can now be used with both hot and cold extrusion processes.

What are the benefits of an aluminum profile system?

There are many reasons why an aluminum system is preferred over other tooling. Some of the most important reasons are that it is not only affordable, but also durable, lightweight, and corrosion resistant - and many of the components are reusable, thus lowering the cost.

Respected manufacturers of aluminum profile promise shortened lead times, which is very important to most customers. This is possible because fewer tools are required to produce the final product, the designs are simple, and no welding or painting is required.

These manufacturers usually have a large stock of shapes and finishes on hand. If a customer needs a shape different that what is normally carried, that shape can be custom-made.

What are the uses of aluminum profile systems?

After World War II, when aluminum extrusions were used in the manufacturing of aircraft and other military uses, new uses were quickly found to be applicable for other industries. Aluminum extrusion is even used in the space industry.

If you are not familiar with the uses of aluminum profile in today's world, you might be surprised to know that they are used in computers, fixtures, everyday household appliances, home furnishings and interior design, power tools, and window frames.

In the world of manufacturing, aluminum systems are used in conveyor frames, fixtures, construction, protective barriers, work tables, electrical components, work bins, car radiators, automobile body and frame components, drive shafts and cylinder liners, and in special and series machines.

Where Are Aluminium Doors Best Installed?

Aluminium Sections Catalogue

In our past articles I talked about all the steps required to properly replace your old wood sash windows with energy efficient vinyl windows. I told you how to measure for the new windows. Then we discussed the removal of the wood sashes and parting bead. Finally, I told you how to install, seal, and trim the vinyl replacement windows. But, what if those old windows in your home are made of aluminum instead of wood? Is the process the same? No, it's not the same at all. So, the next few articles are going to explain the differences between replacing wood windows versus aluminum windows.

When discussing the proper frame style for replacing the wood sash windows, I explained the difference between new construction frames versus replacement frames. When replacing aluminum windows, there is another option we have to consider regarding frame style. It's called a "retrofit" frame. Let's go over each frame type. First, we have the new construction frame with the nailing fin. If you choose to go this route, you have to remove the exterior around each window opening, pull out the nails holding the aluminum window to the studs, nail in the new vinyl window, apply flashing, caulk, and re-install the exterior around each window.(I get tired just talking about it!)In addition to being a whole lot of labor, you can run into major problems trying to install the exterior product around each window opening. If your home has stucco, you have to try and match the rest of the stucco. It can be done, but not by you. Even most professional stucco guys can't get a perfect match. What if you have wood siding? Well, you can cut away 2" of the siding around each window to get to the nail fin, then you can apply 1 X 2 or 1 X 3 trim around each window. Certainly not as much work as the stucco home, but probably more work than the average homeowner cares to tackle. What if each window is surrounded by brick? Let's not even go there! You would have to remove the bricks, then re-install them all when finished.

Trust me, you don't want to replace your old aluminum windows with new construction vinyl windows. You want to use either the replacement frame like the one used to replace the wood sash windows, or something called a retrofit frame, that is popular in the west where stucco is a common exterior. Since the procedure for measuring is the same regardless of the frame style chosen, this article will discuss the proper measuring procedure, and future articles will explain the difference in the installation process for replacement versus retrofit.

If you look at the portion of the aluminum frame that goes around the window opening into your surrounding walls, you will see three separate "legs" that form two pockets. The outside leg and the center leg form the first pocket. Your screen and stationary panel will be in this pocket. The center leg and inside leg form the second pocket, and your sliding panel is in that pocket. Find the "leg" that is the widest on all four sides. When measuring the width, run your tape measure from the widest leg on the left to the widest leg on the right. This should be the narrowest measurement. Then, subtract 3/8" from that measurement. This is the width of the replacement window. Measure the height the same way. When measuring the height, measure as close to the center of the window as possible. This is especially important on windows wider than six feet, because the top wood header has a tendency to sag over time, making the center of the opening the narrowest. You don't need to deduct 3/8" from the height like you did on the width. 1/4" is fine. These are the dimensions you use when ordering your vinyl window. If you have any picture windows(windows without a vent panel), there will only be two legs and one pocket. You still measure the same way.

Next week I will discuss whether your home is a candidate for retrofit frames or replacement frames...

Aluminium Sections Catalogue

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Fern Gully Have Aluminium Extrusion List

Aluminium Extrusions Dandenong Guide

Aluminum is one of the most used metals in today’s society – Aluminium Extrusions Dandenong in Guide  it can be found across a number of industries, such as construction and commercial, and in a number of applications, such as beverage cans and appliances. When choosing a manufacturer of aluminium extrusion for supplying the metal that you use in your workplace, however, it is important that you carefully consider which one will be best for your needs.

Aluminium Window Frames For Sale

The manufacturer will begin by removing the aluminium from deep within the earth’s crust (either as bauxite ore or feldspar). Often, the Bayer’s method, Wohler’s method or Hall Heroult method is chosen to remove the metal in its molten form. It is then hardened and moulded into whatever shape the manufacturer desires. When the aluminium is extracted from the earth in its solid form, Aluminum Extrusions Online Store it will be passed through a number of mechanical processes that are designed to give the metal its desired shape. These processes include: rolling, drawing, forging, spinning, piercing and extrusion.

Aluminium Windows Cape Town

Regardless of whether aluminium has been found in its molten or solid form, the manufacturer will then pass it through either a hot working or cold working process to prepare it for their customers. When using the hot working process (the most popular of the two), a billet will be heated to a temperature of over 79 degrees Celsius, which will allow the aluminium to be easily distorted and placed into its desired shape.

Aluminium Windows

The reason for the popularity of the hot working process over the cold working one can be fully realized when you compare aluminium extrusion to squeezing toothpaste out of its tube. It is much easier to extrude the metal when it is malleable, meaning that it must have been heated to a certain temperature.

Finally, the aluminium will pass through an extrusion and drawing process that runs almost parallel to each other. This is the final step in the whole extrusion process and is the step that gives the metal its entire shape. Deep drawing, for example, is used give the metal a cup, conical tapered, cylinder and seamless tube shape. For less curved shapes, Aluminum Extrusions For Sale the drawing process is skipped.

Aluminium Sections Catalogue

Once you are satisfied with the processes and methods utilized by a potential manufacturer of aluminium extrusions, you can begin submitting your orders with them. If, after your first delivery, you are still satisfied with the manufacturer based on the promptness of the order being filled and the quality of the aluminium that you receive, you can continue the relationship.

Aluminium Extrusions Dandenong in Guide?

Aluminium Window Sections Catalogue

When building or renovating, people often consider the windows and doors last. After all, don't they all look the same apart from the sizes? And this is ironic when they cover nearly half of the total surface of the house. Whether you choose wooden, iron, concrete or aluminium doors and windows, the right choice can boost the value of the house, provide ample natural lighting, enhance the design and give a feeling of space. Apart from the design, there's also the issue of workability. This pertains to where your windows or doors will be located, how they open, and whether you need enough ventilation or if the door or window just serves their primary purpose.

Comparing Aluminium Vs.Wood

There's a distinct edge in choosing aluminium folding doors over timber and that's less maintenance over their expected lifecycle. You won't have to worry about termites or carpenter bees boring holes in your wooden door or window frames. When you require double glazing, for example, aluminium is the right choice as it is more pliant to accepting the additional embellishment. Make sure, however, to choose the right installers since come companies cutting corners and fail to apply waterproofing techniques which ultimately result to nagging soggy and clammy issues on the frames, window sills and doors.

Choosing the Right Material

Aluminium is also identified as less secure compared to wood but this is not the case when choosing the right company that can install a sliding security door in your home. You only need superior quality aluminium. Be wary about doped aluminium or the lower-grade aluminium alloy. Aluminium is graded according to the purity of the material. Ask the installer if the product passes national standards on thickness and yield strength. This can also be your legal remedy when the installer cuts on corners and install the wrong product. Apart from the practical issues, you also want to ensure the quality of the finished product. Windows and doors are supposed to enhance the look of your house so you don't focus on the functionality alone.

Price Points

The industry is brimming with installers of aluminium windows or folding doors and this is good for the consumers in the sense that competition drives prices down. Remember, the right windows and doors will look light on your home, introduce elegance, offer durability (which means less cost on maintenance), perfect for contemporary-style homes, and gives the appearance of space.

How to Choose Quality Aluminum Windows and Doors

Alspec Aluminium Catalogue

Metal fabrication equipment is used in important facets of the manufacturing industry. It serves the structural steel industry very well as it helps in other metal fabricating industries. Producers of this equipment have clients ranging from small and medium size enterprises to iron and fabricating shops and large construction companies.

The most common types of metal fabrication equipment include hydraulic press brakes, pinch rolls, plate shears, bending machines, tube benders and plate rolls. All these machines will help the entire workload easier. Look into the features of these types of equipment.

Hydraulic press brakes

Hydraulic press brakes are created to deliver the kind of ease and comfort an operator is looking for in the product. They are equipped with a ram system to provide maximum efficiency on operator control. Down stroking ram systems are favored over up stroking systems because they lessen operator fatigue. The system with a thick ram makes it easier to move in between extra heavy frames. Alongside with this component, a steel torsion is also utilized. At times, the hydraulic press brake contains limit switches and overload protection systems. Speeds of the press brakes are adjustable and controllable as well.

Hydraulic shears

This is yet another type of metal fabrication equipment used in order to make the job of individuals easier. Looking for those with foot pedals and emergency stops is highly favorable for the company. Programmable axes may help control blade gaps, stroke length, back gauge and shearing times. At times, the shears are also commendable for its capacity to transfer balls and load metal sheets. It also possesses a full protection guard system. Shears are used in order to provide smooth and quiet operation while cutting or manufacturing metal parts.

Plate bending machines

Plate bending machines vary according to specifications of the particular industry making use of this industrial product. There are goods that are best suited for small to medium production requirement for pipes, angles, flats and tubes. Ornamental and job shops will surely favor this type of bending machine. There are plate bending machines that are versatile enough with hydraulic forming features. This is commendable in industries were pipe, tube and aluminum extrusion bending is required.

There are other types of metal fabrication equipment sold by a lot of manufacturers. At times, this equipment may be available from second hand machine stores. What matters is that the machine will work for the particular manufacturing process it has to serve.

Aluminium Sections Catalogue

https://ferngully.co.za/ratings-2/

Fern Gully Have Aluminium Extrusion List

Aluminium Extrusions Dandenong Best

Aluminum is one of the most used metals in today’s society – Aluminium Extrusions Dandenong in Best  it can be found across a number of industries, such as construction and commercial, and in a number of applications, such as beverage cans and appliances. When choosing a manufacturer of aluminium extrusion for supplying the metal that you use in your workplace, however, it is important that you carefully consider which one will be best for your needs.

Aluminium Windows

The manufacturer will begin by removing the aluminium from deep within the earth’s crust (either as bauxite ore or feldspar). Often, the Bayer’s method, Wohler’s method or Hall Heroult method is chosen to remove the metal in its molten form. It is then hardened and moulded into whatever shape the manufacturer desires. When the aluminium is extracted from the earth in its solid form, Storm Window Frame Extrusions it will be passed through a number of mechanical processes that are designed to give the metal its desired shape. These processes include: rolling, drawing, forging, spinning, piercing and extrusion.

Aluminium Windows

Regardless of whether aluminium has been found in its molten or solid form, the manufacturer will then pass it through either a hot working or cold working process to prepare it for their customers. When using the hot working process (the most popular of the two), a billet will be heated to a temperature of over 79 degrees Celsius, which will allow the aluminium to be easily distorted and placed into its desired shape.

Aluminium Sections Catalogue

The reason for the popularity of the hot working process over the cold working one can be fully realized when you compare aluminium extrusion to squeezing toothpaste out of its tube. It is much easier to extrude the metal when it is malleable, meaning that it must have been heated to a certain temperature.

Finally, the aluminium will pass through an extrusion and drawing process that runs almost parallel to each other. This is the final step in the whole extrusion process and is the step that gives the metal its entire shape. Deep drawing, for example, is used give the metal a cup, conical tapered, cylinder and seamless tube shape. For less curved shapes, Aluminum Cabinet Extrusions the drawing process is skipped.

Aluminium Windows

Once you are satisfied with the processes and methods utilized by a potential manufacturer of aluminium extrusions, you can begin submitting your orders with them. If, after your first delivery, you are still satisfied with the manufacturer based on the promptness of the order being filled and the quality of the aluminium that you receive, you can continue the relationship.

Aluminium Extrusions Dandenong in Best?

Aluminium Window Frames For Sale

Aluminum is a non-ferrous metal (which means it will not draw a magnet) that is lightweight. There are several different grades of scrap aluminum, and all of them vary in price. At most scrapyards, aluminum is broken down into the following grades:

Cast Aluminum

Radiators (clean and contaminated)

Extrusions (clean and contaminated)

Wheels (Clean and Chrome Plated)

Siding

Aluminum/Copper Radiators (clean and contaminated)

Old Sheet

Cast aluminum is very brittle and when broken, the inside will appear very grainy. A majority of the cast aluminum that comes across our scale is from auto parts. Transmission housings, engine cylinder heads, and electronic covers are all examples of cast aluminum auto parts. Other miscellaneous items that are made of cast aluminum include BBQ covers, some hot plates and skillets, and some light housings.

Aluminum radiators can be brought to our yard in two forms, contaminated or clean. A clean aluminum radiator must have all tanks, hoses, and steel and plastic removed. The plastic tanks on each end of the radiator will typically contain steel, sometimes however they will contain a tube made of aluminum or brass.

Extrusion is the process of pushing material through a die to give it a particular shape, very much like a Play-Doh spaghetti machine. The most common form of aluminum extrusion we see is window frames, but it is used very often in other framing systems and structural applications. Extrusions are broken down into contaminated and clean grades, with clean extrusion containing no steel, plastic, rubber, or insulation.

Aluminum Wheels come in two varieties, aluminum and chrome plated aluminum. Chrome plated wheels are worth a little less than pure aluminum due to the chrome contamination. Wheels with plastic face covers are also considered chrome plated due to the contamination of plastic and glue. Our listed wheel price assumes wheel weights, valve stems, and center caps are still attached. If these have been removed from your wheels discuss it with our scale operator and he may be able to increase your price.

Aluminum siding also includes gutters, downspouts, and other flat stock aluminum items. To receive the aluminum siding price, the material must not contain steel, Styrofoam, tar, insulation or any other contamination.

Aluminum/copper radiators are found in air conditioning units. They are copper tubes surrounded by aluminum fins. A clean aluminum/copper radiator will contain no steel flanges. If the steel flanges are cut off of a dirty aluminum/copper radiator, the rest of the radiator can be sold as clean and the flanges can be sold as aluminum breakage if they still contain some aluminum and copper.

Old sheet is the lowest grade of scrap aluminum and just about everything that has not been mentioned so far falls into this category. Some common aluminum sheet items include pots and pans, pop cans, lawn chairs, and screens. Siding containing excessive Styrofoam or tar will also be bought as aluminum sheet.

Aluminum Garage Doors - 10 Benefits

Aluminium Windows South Africa

The process of aluminum extrusion is simple and easy however it is very significant to know why extrusion is so important. In general metals like steel and aluminum is put to use in several industries, right from automobile, to telecommunication, transport, utensil manufacturing and at times even in the toy industry. Thus, both of these metals are in huge demand and find place is almost all the major manufacturing industries in the world.

Just after steel, aluminum is the other metal which is hugely popular all over the world. This can put in a manner stating that aluminum is the second most popular metal in the globe after steel. The former is widely available, has impressive properties, and is affordable, light weight, can withstand high temperatures and so on. And above all the aluminum extrusion involved in getting different shapes and forms for suppliers is cost-effective and simple. Both in US and Europe building industry and the telecom as well is highly dependent on aluminum extruded products. These products find a number of usages and are used in many applications.

So, what is aluminum extrusion? This is a process through which aluminum is given certain shapes and forms. It starts with the hot cylindrical billet of aluminum which is pushed through a shaped die. The billet is cut from DC cast log and placed in heated container (450°C - 500°C). When pushed through the die the metal flows through the steel die. The die is placed at the other end of the container. Now, once the log passes it produces a section, this can be cut into shapes either in long length or short. The section is cuts according to the customized demands of the clients since the log is meant to be used for any particular industry. In certain extrusion process rectangular shaped billets. In this process only wide section sized extrusions are produced. This again depends according the demands of the supplier.

Aluminum extrusion is done for several kinds of industry and these aluminum extruded products are very commonly used in building industry. In this industry you can use aluminum in prefabricated houses/building structures, window and door frame systems, curtain walling, roofing and exterior cladding, and shop fronts. Besides, they also find place in the telecommunication and transport industry. In transport industry aluminum extruded products are found in rail vehicles, marine applications, airframes and for vehicles on the road.

So, what makes aluminum so popular? It is the versatility and the flexibility of the material that turns in so popular. Since aluminum is high temperature resistance and is corrosion resistant as well it is used to make utensils and is also used on transport vehicles. Besides, it is strong even though it is light weight and thus it is used in airframes.

So, if you are out there still deciding on selecting aluminum extruded products or some other metal you can give your votes to this metal as it is affordable and durable as well. No more second thoughts to this go ahead with aluminum extrusion and the products.

Aluminium Window Frames Catalogue

 


https://ferngully.co.za/ratings-2/

Fern Gully Have Aluminium Extrusion List

Aluminium Extrusions Dandenong South Africa

Aluminum is one of the most used metals in today’s society – Aluminium Extrusions Dandenong in South Africa  it can be found across a number of industries, such as construction and commercial, and in a number of applications, such as beverage cans and appliances. When choosing a manufacturer of aluminium extrusion for supplying the metal that you use in your workplace, however, it is important that you carefully consider which one will be best for your needs.

Aluminium Window Sections Catalogue

The manufacturer will begin by removing the aluminium from deep within the earth’s crust (either as bauxite ore or feldspar). Often, the Bayer’s method, Wohler’s method or Hall Heroult method is chosen to remove the metal in its molten form. It is then hardened and moulded into whatever shape the manufacturer desires. When the aluminium is extracted from the earth in its solid form, Aluminum Extrusion Rail it will be passed through a number of mechanical processes that are designed to give the metal its desired shape. These processes include: rolling, drawing, forging, spinning, piercing and extrusion.

Aluminium Window Frames Catalogue

Regardless of whether aluminium has been found in its molten or solid form, the manufacturer will then pass it through either a hot working or cold working process to prepare it for their customers. When using the hot working process (the most popular of the two), a billet will be heated to a temperature of over 79 degrees Celsius, which will allow the aluminium to be easily distorted and placed into its desired shape.

Aluminium Windows

The reason for the popularity of the hot working process over the cold working one can be fully realized when you compare aluminium extrusion to squeezing toothpaste out of its tube. It is much easier to extrude the metal when it is malleable, meaning that it must have been heated to a certain temperature.

Finally, the aluminium will pass through an extrusion and drawing process that runs almost parallel to each other. This is the final step in the whole extrusion process and is the step that gives the metal its entire shape. Deep drawing, for example, is used give the metal a cup, conical tapered, cylinder and seamless tube shape. For less curved shapes, Aluminum Extrusion Slider the drawing process is skipped.

Aluminium Sections Catalogue

Once you are satisfied with the processes and methods utilized by a potential manufacturer of aluminium extrusions, you can begin submitting your orders with them. If, after your first delivery, you are still satisfied with the manufacturer based on the promptness of the order being filled and the quality of the aluminium that you receive, you can continue the relationship.

Aluminium Extrusions Dandenong in South Africa?

Aluminium Windows Cape Town

Aluminum is a non-ferrous metal (which means it will not draw a magnet) that is lightweight. There are several different grades of scrap aluminum, and all of them vary in price. At most scrapyards, aluminum is broken down into the following grades:

Cast Aluminum

Radiators (clean and contaminated)

Extrusions (clean and contaminated)

Wheels (Clean and Chrome Plated)

Siding

Aluminum/Copper Radiators (clean and contaminated)

Old Sheet

Cast aluminum is very brittle and when broken, the inside will appear very grainy. A majority of the cast aluminum that comes across our scale is from auto parts. Transmission housings, engine cylinder heads, and electronic covers are all examples of cast aluminum auto parts. Other miscellaneous items that are made of cast aluminum include BBQ covers, some hot plates and skillets, and some light housings.

Aluminum radiators can be brought to our yard in two forms, contaminated or clean. A clean aluminum radiator must have all tanks, hoses, and steel and plastic removed. The plastic tanks on each end of the radiator will typically contain steel, sometimes however they will contain a tube made of aluminum or brass.

Extrusion is the process of pushing material through a die to give it a particular shape, very much like a Play-Doh spaghetti machine. The most common form of aluminum extrusion we see is window frames, but it is used very often in other framing systems and structural applications. Extrusions are broken down into contaminated and clean grades, with clean extrusion containing no steel, plastic, rubber, or insulation.

Aluminum Wheels come in two varieties, aluminum and chrome plated aluminum. Chrome plated wheels are worth a little less than pure aluminum due to the chrome contamination. Wheels with plastic face covers are also considered chrome plated due to the contamination of plastic and glue. Our listed wheel price assumes wheel weights, valve stems, and center caps are still attached. If these have been removed from your wheels discuss it with our scale operator and he may be able to increase your price.

Aluminum siding also includes gutters, downspouts, and other flat stock aluminum items. To receive the aluminum siding price, the material must not contain steel, Styrofoam, tar, insulation or any other contamination.

Aluminum/copper radiators are found in air conditioning units. They are copper tubes surrounded by aluminum fins. A clean aluminum/copper radiator will contain no steel flanges. If the steel flanges are cut off of a dirty aluminum/copper radiator, the rest of the radiator can be sold as clean and the flanges can be sold as aluminum breakage if they still contain some aluminum and copper.

Old sheet is the lowest grade of scrap aluminum and just about everything that has not been mentioned so far falls into this category. Some common aluminum sheet items include pots and pans, pop cans, lawn chairs, and screens. Siding containing excessive Styrofoam or tar will also be bought as aluminum sheet.

Aerospace Aluminium Alloys in Aircraft Skins

Aluminium Windows

High strength aluminium alloys.

The origin of aluminium alloys in aircraft construction started with the first practical all-metal aircraft in 1915 made by Junkers in Germany, of materials said to be `iron and steel'. Steel presented the advantages of a high modulus of elasticity, high proof stress and high tensile strength. Unfortunately these were accompanied by a high specific gravity, almost three times that of the aluminium alloys and about ten times that of plywood. Aircraft designers during the 1930s were therefore forced to use steel in its thinnest forms. To ensure stability against buckling of the thin plate, intricate shapes for spar sections were devised.

In 1909 Alfred Wilm, in Germany, accidentally discovered that an aluminium alloy containing 3.5 per cent copper, 0.5 per cent magnesium and silicon and iron, as unintended impurities, spontaneously hardened after quenching from about 480°C. The patent rights of this material were acquired by Durener Metallwerke who marketed the alloy under the name Duralumin. For half a century this alloy has been used in the wrought heat-treated, naturally aged condition. The improvements in these properties produced by artificial ageing at a raised temperature of, for example, 175°C, were not exploited in the aircraft industry until about 1934.

In addition to the development of duralumin (first used as a main structural material by Junkers in 1917) three other causes contributed to the replacement of steel by aluminium alloys. These were a better understanding of the process of heat treatment, the introduction of extrusions in a wide range of sections and the use of pure aluminium cladding to provide greater resistance to corrosion. By 1938, three groups of aluminium alloys dominated the field of aircraft construction and, in fact, they retain their importance to the present day. The groups are separated by virtue of their chemical composition, to which they owe their capacity for strengthening under heat treatment.

The first group is contained under the general name duralumin having a typical composition of: 4 per cent copper, 0.5 per cent magnesium, 0.5 per cent manganese, 0.3 per cent silicon, 0.2 per cent iron, with the remainder aluminium. The naturally aged version was covered by Air Ministry Specification DTD 18 issued in 1924, while artificially aged duralumin came under Specification DTD 111 in 1929. DTD 111 provided for slight reductions in 0.1 per cent proof stress and tensile strength.

The second group of aluminium alloys differs from duralumin chiefly by the introduction of 1 to 2 per cent of nickel, a high content of magnesium and possible variations in the amounts of copper, silicon and iron. `Y' alloy, the oldest member of the group, has a typical composition of. 4 per cent copper, 2 per cent nickel, 1.5 cent magnesium, the remainder being aluminium and was covered by Specification DTD 58A issued in 1927. Its most important property was its retention of strength at high temperatures, which meant that it was a particularly suitable material for aero engine pistons. Its use in airframe construction has been of a limited nature only. Research by Rolls-Royce and development by High Duty Alloys Ltd produced the `RR' series of alloys. Based on Y alloy, the RR alloys had some of the nickel replaced by iron and the copper reduced. One of the earliest of these alloys, RR56 had approximately half of the 2 per cent nickel replaced by iron, the copper content reduced from 4 to 2 per cent, and was used for forgings and extrusions in aero engines and airframes.

The third and latest group depends upon the inclusion of zinc and magnesium and their high strength. Covered by Specification DTD 363 issued in 1937, these alloys had a nominal composition: 2.5 per cent copper, 5 per cent zinc, 3 per cent magnesium and up to 1 per cent nickel. In modern versions of this alloy nickel has been eliminated and provision made for the addition of chromium and further amounts of manganese.

Aircraft structural aluminium.

Of the three basic structural materials, namely wood, steel and aluminium alloy, only wood is no longer of significance except in laminates for non-structural bulkheads, floorings and furnishings. Most modern aircraft still rely on modified forms of the high strength aerospace aluminium alloys which were introduced during the early part of the 20th century. Steels are used where high strength, high stiffness and wear resistance are required. Other materials, such as titanium and fibre-reinforced composites first used about 1950, are finding expanding uses in airframe construction.

Aluminium Sections Catalogue

 


https://ferngully.co.za/ratings-2/

Fern Gully Have Aluminium Extrusion List