Aluminium Profile Supplier Review

Aluminum is one of the most used metals in today’s society – Aluminium Profile Supplier in Review  it can be found across a number of industries, such as construction and commercial, and in a number of applications, such as beverage cans and appliances. When choosing a manufacturer of aluminium extrusion for supplying the metal that you use in your workplace, however, it is important that you carefully consider which one will be best for your needs.

Aluminium Windows South Africa

The manufacturer will begin by removing the aluminium from deep within the earth’s crust (either as bauxite ore or feldspar). Often, the Bayer’s method, Wohler’s method or Hall Heroult method is chosen to remove the metal in its molten form. It is then hardened and moulded into whatever shape the manufacturer desires. When the aluminium is extracted from the earth in its solid form, Aluminium Structural Framing it will be passed through a number of mechanical processes that are designed to give the metal its desired shape. These processes include: rolling, drawing, forging, spinning, piercing and extrusion.

Aluminium Windows

Regardless of whether aluminium has been found in its molten or solid form, the manufacturer will then pass it through either a hot working or cold working process to prepare it for their customers. When using the hot working process (the most popular of the two), a billet will be heated to a temperature of over 79 degrees Celsius, which will allow the aluminium to be easily distorted and placed into its desired shape.

Aluminium Window Frames Details

The reason for the popularity of the hot working process over the cold working one can be fully realized when you compare aluminium extrusion to squeezing toothpaste out of its tube. It is much easier to extrude the metal when it is malleable, meaning that it must have been heated to a certain temperature.

Finally, the aluminium will pass through an extrusion and drawing process that runs almost parallel to each other. This is the final step in the whole extrusion process and is the step that gives the metal its entire shape. Deep drawing, for example, is used give the metal a cup, conical tapered, cylinder and seamless tube shape. For less curved shapes, Aluminium Frame the drawing process is skipped.

Aluminium Window Frames Details

Once you are satisfied with the processes and methods utilized by a potential manufacturer of aluminium extrusions, you can begin submitting your orders with them. If, after your first delivery, you are still satisfied with the manufacturer based on the promptness of the order being filled and the quality of the aluminium that you receive, you can continue the relationship.

Aluminium Profile Supplier in Review?

Alspec Aluminium Catalogue

High strength aluminium alloys.

The origin of aluminium alloys in aircraft construction started with the first practical all-metal aircraft in 1915 made by Junkers in Germany, of materials said to be `iron and steel'. Steel presented the advantages of a high modulus of elasticity, high proof stress and high tensile strength. Unfortunately these were accompanied by a high specific gravity, almost three times that of the aluminium alloys and about ten times that of plywood. Aircraft designers during the 1930s were therefore forced to use steel in its thinnest forms. To ensure stability against buckling of the thin plate, intricate shapes for spar sections were devised.

In 1909 Alfred Wilm, in Germany, accidentally discovered that an aluminium alloy containing 3.5 per cent copper, 0.5 per cent magnesium and silicon and iron, as unintended impurities, spontaneously hardened after quenching from about 480°C. The patent rights of this material were acquired by Durener Metallwerke who marketed the alloy under the name Duralumin. For half a century this alloy has been used in the wrought heat-treated, naturally aged condition. The improvements in these properties produced by artificial ageing at a raised temperature of, for example, 175°C, were not exploited in the aircraft industry until about 1934.

In addition to the development of duralumin (first used as a main structural material by Junkers in 1917) three other causes contributed to the replacement of steel by aluminium alloys. These were a better understanding of the process of heat treatment, the introduction of extrusions in a wide range of sections and the use of pure aluminium cladding to provide greater resistance to corrosion. By 1938, three groups of aluminium alloys dominated the field of aircraft construction and, in fact, they retain their importance to the present day. The groups are separated by virtue of their chemical composition, to which they owe their capacity for strengthening under heat treatment.

The first group is contained under the general name duralumin having a typical composition of: 4 per cent copper, 0.5 per cent magnesium, 0.5 per cent manganese, 0.3 per cent silicon, 0.2 per cent iron, with the remainder aluminium. The naturally aged version was covered by Air Ministry Specification DTD 18 issued in 1924, while artificially aged duralumin came under Specification DTD 111 in 1929. DTD 111 provided for slight reductions in 0.1 per cent proof stress and tensile strength.

The second group of aluminium alloys differs from duralumin chiefly by the introduction of 1 to 2 per cent of nickel, a high content of magnesium and possible variations in the amounts of copper, silicon and iron. `Y' alloy, the oldest member of the group, has a typical composition of. 4 per cent copper, 2 per cent nickel, 1.5 cent magnesium, the remainder being aluminium and was covered by Specification DTD 58A issued in 1927. Its most important property was its retention of strength at high temperatures, which meant that it was a particularly suitable material for aero engine pistons. Its use in airframe construction has been of a limited nature only. Research by Rolls-Royce and development by High Duty Alloys Ltd produced the `RR' series of alloys. Based on Y alloy, the RR alloys had some of the nickel replaced by iron and the copper reduced. One of the earliest of these alloys, RR56 had approximately half of the 2 per cent nickel replaced by iron, the copper content reduced from 4 to 2 per cent, and was used for forgings and extrusions in aero engines and airframes.

The third and latest group depends upon the inclusion of zinc and magnesium and their high strength. Covered by Specification DTD 363 issued in 1937, these alloys had a nominal composition: 2.5 per cent copper, 5 per cent zinc, 3 per cent magnesium and up to 1 per cent nickel. In modern versions of this alloy nickel has been eliminated and provision made for the addition of chromium and further amounts of manganese.

Aircraft structural aluminium.

Of the three basic structural materials, namely wood, steel and aluminium alloy, only wood is no longer of significance except in laminates for non-structural bulkheads, floorings and furnishings. Most modern aircraft still rely on modified forms of the high strength aerospace aluminium alloys which were introduced during the early part of the 20th century. Steels are used where high strength, high stiffness and wear resistance are required. Other materials, such as titanium and fibre-reinforced composites first used about 1950, are finding expanding uses in airframe construction.

Scrap Aluminum Grades - How to Sort and Clean Scrap Aluminum to Maximize Its Value

Aluminium Sections Catalogue

The proper placement of doors and windows is essential in a house for the good light and ventilation. So, what would be better than having the option of aluminium doors and windows? The correct ventilation not only provides you with fresh air but keeps the house cool and cuts down the electricity bills, to a certain extent. There are many other green and eco friendly materials for this purpose, but they don't give a good appealing view. Aluminium, on the other hand, has all these qualities and looks appealing to the eye also. They are super efficient, strong, light weight and cheap too. It also has other qualities like it can withstand many harsh factors like the chemicals, heat, corrosion, etc.

The other advantage of the aluminium doors and windows is that they are available in a huge range of shapes, designs, sizes and with different color finishes. The finishes include matte, solid, shiny, etc. You can also get it personalized paint finishes or faux finishes of your own choice. There is an option of the danmer customized doors windows and shutters. They are available in the form of the sliding doors, fixed windows, and many more. These would improve the indoor of your house.

These doors and windows consume far less space than the traditional ones made of iron or wood. This can be a boon in case you have less space at your place. Therefore, you can fit more and more things in a small area with the help of the aluminium doors and windows.

The other factor that makes it different from others is that these windows and doors are very easy to install and only require a bit of information. They are eco friendly and can be recycled. If combined with fiberglass or the plastic glass, then it could be the most intelligent thing one can do. It is the best combination which is attractive and low maintenance for the long run.

The doors and windows made of aluminium are extremely useful and can be recycled. It has many advantages over the wooden or the iron windows. So, the best option for your house is to have the proper symmetry and matching of the windows and doors which would make your house beautiful.

Aluminium Windows Cape Town

https://ferngully.co.za/tip/

Fern Gully Have Aluminium Suppliers List

Aluminium Profile Supplier Tips

Aluminum is one of the most used metals in today’s society – Aluminium Profile Supplier in Tips  it can be found across a number of industries, such as construction and commercial, and in a number of applications, such as beverage cans and appliances. When choosing a manufacturer of aluminium extrusion for supplying the metal that you use in your workplace, however, it is important that you carefully consider which one will be best for your needs.

Alspec Aluminium Catalogue

The manufacturer will begin by removing the aluminium from deep within the earth’s crust (either as bauxite ore or feldspar). Often, the Bayer’s method, Wohler’s method or Hall Heroult method is chosen to remove the metal in its molten form. It is then hardened and moulded into whatever shape the manufacturer desires. When the aluminium is extracted from the earth in its solid form, Flat Aluminum Extrusions it will be passed through a number of mechanical processes that are designed to give the metal its desired shape. These processes include: rolling, drawing, forging, spinning, piercing and extrusion.

Alspec Aluminium Catalogue

Regardless of whether aluminium has been found in its molten or solid form, the manufacturer will then pass it through either a hot working or cold working process to prepare it for their customers. When using the hot working process (the most popular of the two), a billet will be heated to a temperature of over 79 degrees Celsius, which will allow the aluminium to be easily distorted and placed into its desired shape.

Aluminium Window Frames Catalogue

The reason for the popularity of the hot working process over the cold working one can be fully realized when you compare aluminium extrusion to squeezing toothpaste out of its tube. It is much easier to extrude the metal when it is malleable, meaning that it must have been heated to a certain temperature.

Finally, the aluminium will pass through an extrusion and drawing process that runs almost parallel to each other. This is the final step in the whole extrusion process and is the step that gives the metal its entire shape. Deep drawing, for example, is used give the metal a cup, conical tapered, cylinder and seamless tube shape. For less curved shapes, Aluminum Extrusions Online the drawing process is skipped.

Aluminium Windows

Once you are satisfied with the processes and methods utilized by a potential manufacturer of aluminium extrusions, you can begin submitting your orders with them. If, after your first delivery, you are still satisfied with the manufacturer based on the promptness of the order being filled and the quality of the aluminium that you receive, you can continue the relationship.

Aluminium Profile Supplier in Tips?

Aluminium Window Frames Catalogue If you have a wonderful house with a great view of your garden or picture-postcard scenery spread gorgeously in front then you need doors that give an unimpeded view.
Consider the standard options like sliding doors. A part of the opening will always remain covered regardless of whether you use two partitions or three partitions. French doors simply do not suit large openings. The answer is custom bifold doors especially when the opening is large and an unrestricted view is desired. They save space and give an unhindered view of the exteriors.
The term bifold doors may be a misnomer since these doors are, in effect, made up of several panels that fold together like an accordion or concertina into a compact bunch of panels that do not take up much space and stay neatly on one side of the opening. You have a clear view. Standard panel sizes may range from 24 to 36 inches in width or customized to suit the width of the openings, which could be a better option in some cases. Custom bifold doors can help save space and the use of matching hardware means it will be a joy to operate.
Customization could take several forms. You can choose to have bifold doors with narrow or broader panels to suit design considerations and aesthetics of how the door will look when fully closed. Narrow panels do give a nice look but in some cases one may wish for a less obstructed view in which case broader panels serve the purpose. Cost will also vary. Obviously more panels lead to higher cost but the advantage is that opening and closing the bifolds will be easier when the door has narrow panels and they take up less space.
Where there are doors with glass the question of curtains or blinds always comes up. Here again customization helps when you choose double glazing panels with inbuilt blinds that are totally sealed within and can be opened or closed by sliding a magnetic latch. Such integrated bifold doors also help save space and present a neater appearance. Then there are small details that the installer and manufacturer will take care of such as using quality sliding tracks, pivots and hinges that integrate seamlessly into the aluminum frame. Another matter that necessitates customization is whether to place the track at the top or bottom. It is best to consult a reputed door supplier and installer and get a site inspection in order to get a customized fitting.
Bifold doors are not meant just as a partition between indoors and outdoors. They can also be used indoors to good effect as space savers between rooms. One can have a larger opening without the inconvenience of large door panels creating obstructions in confined spaces.
Bifold doors have several advantages such as ease of use, complete opening up of a room to the outside, security with the right set of hardware and energy efficiency. These advantages can be further enhanced by customizing the bifold panels along with glazing and hardware fittings.

Where Are Aluminium Doors Best Installed?

Aluminium Windows

If you want durability, low maintenance and weather resistance, aluminum railings are just the right metal for you. Look out for the best manufacturers, wholesalers or distributors who can match up your expectations.

Aluminum railings have a long list of benefits to offer for your homes. For all custom applications aluminum is the best metal to be used. Impact resistance, color retention and weather ability in any environment are the best features of aluminum railings you can find. They can be a perfect complement for a decorative porch or deck.

The aluminum railings can achieve any kind of shape to match your home decorations. Aluminum will not rust especially when they are power coated offer long lasting finish with superior protection against the elements and do not splinter or crack. So you need not have to get it painted after every few years unlike steel.

Aluminum railings have minimal shrinkage and expansion characteristics and remain consistent throughout extreme heating and cooling temperatures. If you are considering for other options like wood then you will have to get it treated with pesticides or chemicals. They even splinter or fail completely at times causing injury. Aluminum railings on the other side eliminate all these and let you have a friendly environment eliminating all your health concerns.

There are many aluminum railings Surrey manufacturers in the market who can even create one of your own deck styles by mixing aluminum balusters with another material. For example, it can be combined with wooden or bamboo rails to create an exotic ambience. Amongst numerous other ones, underneath are some significant characteristics of aluminum deck and porch railings and its complements or benefits:

- Interior and exterior guardrails and handrails.

- Clear or encased functional glass, aluminum pickets, aluminum convention panels, or cable cord for infill section options:

  • ADA compliant catch rails
  • Steel embeds and hefty measure components & for strength
  • Tempered glass for security & influence resistance
  • Tough, powder-coated finishes for better climate opposition and hue retention.
  • Water corrosion: Special coatings for opposition to saline water.

Manufacture of Aluminum railings offers every combination of furniture and deck railings to distinguish your deck from others and have the ability to be included in almost all styles.

Aluminium Windows South Africa

https://ferngully.co.za/tip/

Fern Gully Have Aluminium Suppliers List

Aluminium Profile Supplier Guide

Aluminum is one of the most used metals in today’s society – Aluminium Profile Supplier in Guide  it can be found across a number of industries, such as construction and commercial, and in a number of applications, such as beverage cans and appliances. When choosing a manufacturer of aluminium extrusion for supplying the metal that you use in your workplace, however, it is important that you carefully consider which one will be best for your needs.

Aluminium Window Sections Catalogue

The manufacturer will begin by removing the aluminium from deep within the earth’s crust (either as bauxite ore or feldspar). Often, the Bayer’s method, Wohler’s method or Hall Heroult method is chosen to remove the metal in its molten form. It is then hardened and moulded into whatever shape the manufacturer desires. When the aluminium is extracted from the earth in its solid form, Structural Aluminum Extrusion it will be passed through a number of mechanical processes that are designed to give the metal its desired shape. These processes include: rolling, drawing, forging, spinning, piercing and extrusion.

Aluminium Windows

Regardless of whether aluminium has been found in its molten or solid form, the manufacturer will then pass it through either a hot working or cold working process to prepare it for their customers. When using the hot working process (the most popular of the two), a billet will be heated to a temperature of over 79 degrees Celsius, which will allow the aluminium to be easily distorted and placed into its desired shape.

Aluminium Windows

The reason for the popularity of the hot working process over the cold working one can be fully realized when you compare aluminium extrusion to squeezing toothpaste out of its tube. It is much easier to extrude the metal when it is malleable, meaning that it must have been heated to a certain temperature.

Finally, the aluminium will pass through an extrusion and drawing process that runs almost parallel to each other. This is the final step in the whole extrusion process and is the step that gives the metal its entire shape. Deep drawing, for example, is used give the metal a cup, conical tapered, cylinder and seamless tube shape. For less curved shapes, Aluminum Extrusion Corner Profiles the drawing process is skipped.

Aluminium Windows

Once you are satisfied with the processes and methods utilized by a potential manufacturer of aluminium extrusions, you can begin submitting your orders with them. If, after your first delivery, you are still satisfied with the manufacturer based on the promptness of the order being filled and the quality of the aluminium that you receive, you can continue the relationship.

Aluminium Profile Supplier in Guide?

Aluminium Window Frames Details

Greenhouse kit frames may be made of galvanized steel pipe, aluminum, plastic or wood. It is very important when considering purchasing a greenhouse to look at the type of frame it is constructed of. There are also many different grades of these materials used. With the steel pipe frame you not only have to consider the size of the tubing, but also the spacing of the tubing. Naturally, closer spacing of the bows will result in a stronger frame. This is also true of aluminum frames. The thickness of the aluminum, the spacing and the extra supports will all determine the strength. What type of wood is being used is very important also.

Typically the prices going from low to high will be as follows.

1. Plastic frames
2. Lightweight Aluminum Frames
3. Pipe Frames
4. Wood Frames
5. Heavy Duty Aluminum Frames

Some of these such as the wood frames will require maintenance to keep up. The rest of the frame types are typically maintenance free.

Many consumers simply look at size, shape and price and do not consider that at some point they will probably want to add some accessories such as circulating fans, ventilation systems, hanging heaters, misting or fogging systems, etc. to their greenhouse. With plastic frames it is virtually impossible to add any accessories without building a frame to mount the accessories to. Many times these frames simply are not heavy enough to support even a hanging basket. Usually with wood and pipe frames the strength is there, but you will still need to do some extra framing out to mount the accessories. There are also some lighter weight aluminum frame greenhouse kits which will require additional framing to mount your accessories. Most quality aluminum framed greenhouses will offer a channel where bolts will slide to the exact location you desire to put your accessories. Usually this type of frame will even make it possible to add a wire shelf above your benches for extra space.

These are all just general guidelines. It is best to investigate each greenhouse kit on an individual basis.

Aluminium Window Frames

Aluminium Window Sections Catalogue

Aluminum is the preferred material for door and window frames due to its inherent structural and aesthetic properties. Doors and windows made of aluminum frames with glass glazing may look the same from a distance but take a closer look and the difference between quality product and one that is fabricated by a local fabricator becomes apparent. If you are investing in doors and windows it pays to buy only quality products.


Seamless integration of hardware with aluminum frame


The looks as well as performance of aluminum windows are dependent on and influenced by the way hardware is integrated into the frame. If the window has hinges then the way hinges are designed and fitted to the frame has a bearing on ease of opening and closing as well as reducing gaps and thereby preventing energy losses. Quality manufacturers design and manufacture their own hardware to go along with windows and doors.


Precision fabrication


Most general fabricators do not work to tight tolerances while fabricating frames from aluminum profiles. There can be gaps between joins and this can look unseemly and if the frame sections are not well aligned, closing and opening them becomes a chore. Quality manufacturers also include thermal breaks and a foam core that provide additional insulation.


Finish


Quality manufacturers offer aluminum in a variety of finishes such as natural anodized finish in various shades, metallic colours, permanent colour fast powder coating and woodgrain foil overlay for a natural look. You can go a step further and choose aluminum frames that have one colour finish for interiors and another on the exterior to match building facades.


Single or double or triple glazing?


When double glazed windows offer so many advantages there is little point in saving some money by choosing single glazing. Double or even triple glazing is better from energy conservation as well as acoustic insulation perspective. Some advanced manufacturers offer gas filled and totally sealed double glazing. You also have the choice of blinds integrated inside the glazing, which makes for a neater appearance and ease of use. When one talks about glazing, it must be kept in mind that glass varies widely. It is recommended to look for windows with low E internal glass and possibly toughened glass so that, in the event the glass breaks, the floor is not littered with glass shards. You can also select glass that is coated to reflect heat and thus reduce energy consumption.


How secure are the aluminum windows?


Quality manufacturers offer windows that conform to British Standards PAS 24:2012. Material, design and manufacture of the windows makes it difficult for would be burglars to force the windows. You should look for multipoint steel locking system and internal glazing for better security.


It pays to invest in world recognized brands offering quality aluminum windows. Windows look perfect from inside and from the outside. They will be easy to operate and you will enjoy their use for years with minimum maintenance. It may cost more initially but a quality aluminum window also adds to the value of your house.

Alspec Aluminium Catalogue

 


https://ferngully.co.za/tip/

Fern Gully Have Aluminium Suppliers List

Aluminium Profile Supplier Recommended

Aluminum is one of the most used metals in today’s society – Aluminium Profile Supplier in Recommended  it can be found across a number of industries, such as construction and commercial, and in a number of applications, such as beverage cans and appliances. When choosing a manufacturer of aluminium extrusion for supplying the metal that you use in your workplace, however, it is important that you carefully consider which one will be best for your needs.

Aluminium Windows South Africa

The manufacturer will begin by removing the aluminium from deep within the earth’s crust (either as bauxite ore or feldspar). Often, the Bayer’s method, Wohler’s method or Hall Heroult method is chosen to remove the metal in its molten form. It is then hardened and moulded into whatever shape the manufacturer desires. When the aluminium is extracted from the earth in its solid form, Extruded Window Frame it will be passed through a number of mechanical processes that are designed to give the metal its desired shape. These processes include: rolling, drawing, forging, spinning, piercing and extrusion.

Aluminium Windows Pretoria

Regardless of whether aluminium has been found in its molten or solid form, the manufacturer will then pass it through either a hot working or cold working process to prepare it for their customers. When using the hot working process (the most popular of the two), a billet will be heated to a temperature of over 79 degrees Celsius, which will allow the aluminium to be easily distorted and placed into its desired shape.

Alspec Aluminium Catalogue

The reason for the popularity of the hot working process over the cold working one can be fully realized when you compare aluminium extrusion to squeezing toothpaste out of its tube. It is much easier to extrude the metal when it is malleable, meaning that it must have been heated to a certain temperature.

Finally, the aluminium will pass through an extrusion and drawing process that runs almost parallel to each other. This is the final step in the whole extrusion process and is the step that gives the metal its entire shape. Deep drawing, for example, is used give the metal a cup, conical tapered, cylinder and seamless tube shape. For less curved shapes, Aluminum Extrusion Profiles the drawing process is skipped.

Aluminium Window Frames Details

Once you are satisfied with the processes and methods utilized by a potential manufacturer of aluminium extrusions, you can begin submitting your orders with them. If, after your first delivery, you are still satisfied with the manufacturer based on the promptness of the order being filled and the quality of the aluminium that you receive, you can continue the relationship.

Aluminium Profile Supplier in Recommended?

Aluminium Windows

Greenhouse kit frames may be made of galvanized steel pipe, aluminum, plastic or wood. It is very important when considering purchasing a greenhouse to look at the type of frame it is constructed of. There are also many different grades of these materials used. With the steel pipe frame you not only have to consider the size of the tubing, but also the spacing of the tubing. Naturally, closer spacing of the bows will result in a stronger frame. This is also true of aluminum frames. The thickness of the aluminum, the spacing and the extra supports will all determine the strength. What type of wood is being used is very important also.

Typically the prices going from low to high will be as follows.

1. Plastic frames
2. Lightweight Aluminum Frames
3. Pipe Frames
4. Wood Frames
5. Heavy Duty Aluminum Frames

Some of these such as the wood frames will require maintenance to keep up. The rest of the frame types are typically maintenance free.

Many consumers simply look at size, shape and price and do not consider that at some point they will probably want to add some accessories such as circulating fans, ventilation systems, hanging heaters, misting or fogging systems, etc. to their greenhouse. With plastic frames it is virtually impossible to add any accessories without building a frame to mount the accessories to. Many times these frames simply are not heavy enough to support even a hanging basket. Usually with wood and pipe frames the strength is there, but you will still need to do some extra framing out to mount the accessories. There are also some lighter weight aluminum frame greenhouse kits which will require additional framing to mount your accessories. Most quality aluminum framed greenhouses will offer a channel where bolts will slide to the exact location you desire to put your accessories. Usually this type of frame will even make it possible to add a wire shelf above your benches for extra space.

These are all just general guidelines. It is best to investigate each greenhouse kit on an individual basis.

Greenhouse Kit Frames

Aluminium Window Sections Catalogue

High strength aluminium alloys.

The origin of aluminium alloys in aircraft construction started with the first practical all-metal aircraft in 1915 made by Junkers in Germany, of materials said to be `iron and steel'. Steel presented the advantages of a high modulus of elasticity, high proof stress and high tensile strength. Unfortunately these were accompanied by a high specific gravity, almost three times that of the aluminium alloys and about ten times that of plywood. Aircraft designers during the 1930s were therefore forced to use steel in its thinnest forms. To ensure stability against buckling of the thin plate, intricate shapes for spar sections were devised.

In 1909 Alfred Wilm, in Germany, accidentally discovered that an aluminium alloy containing 3.5 per cent copper, 0.5 per cent magnesium and silicon and iron, as unintended impurities, spontaneously hardened after quenching from about 480°C. The patent rights of this material were acquired by Durener Metallwerke who marketed the alloy under the name Duralumin. For half a century this alloy has been used in the wrought heat-treated, naturally aged condition. The improvements in these properties produced by artificial ageing at a raised temperature of, for example, 175°C, were not exploited in the aircraft industry until about 1934.

In addition to the development of duralumin (first used as a main structural material by Junkers in 1917) three other causes contributed to the replacement of steel by aluminium alloys. These were a better understanding of the process of heat treatment, the introduction of extrusions in a wide range of sections and the use of pure aluminium cladding to provide greater resistance to corrosion. By 1938, three groups of aluminium alloys dominated the field of aircraft construction and, in fact, they retain their importance to the present day. The groups are separated by virtue of their chemical composition, to which they owe their capacity for strengthening under heat treatment.

The first group is contained under the general name duralumin having a typical composition of: 4 per cent copper, 0.5 per cent magnesium, 0.5 per cent manganese, 0.3 per cent silicon, 0.2 per cent iron, with the remainder aluminium. The naturally aged version was covered by Air Ministry Specification DTD 18 issued in 1924, while artificially aged duralumin came under Specification DTD 111 in 1929. DTD 111 provided for slight reductions in 0.1 per cent proof stress and tensile strength.

The second group of aluminium alloys differs from duralumin chiefly by the introduction of 1 to 2 per cent of nickel, a high content of magnesium and possible variations in the amounts of copper, silicon and iron. `Y' alloy, the oldest member of the group, has a typical composition of. 4 per cent copper, 2 per cent nickel, 1.5 cent magnesium, the remainder being aluminium and was covered by Specification DTD 58A issued in 1927. Its most important property was its retention of strength at high temperatures, which meant that it was a particularly suitable material for aero engine pistons. Its use in airframe construction has been of a limited nature only. Research by Rolls-Royce and development by High Duty Alloys Ltd produced the `RR' series of alloys. Based on Y alloy, the RR alloys had some of the nickel replaced by iron and the copper reduced. One of the earliest of these alloys, RR56 had approximately half of the 2 per cent nickel replaced by iron, the copper content reduced from 4 to 2 per cent, and was used for forgings and extrusions in aero engines and airframes.

The third and latest group depends upon the inclusion of zinc and magnesium and their high strength. Covered by Specification DTD 363 issued in 1937, these alloys had a nominal composition: 2.5 per cent copper, 5 per cent zinc, 3 per cent magnesium and up to 1 per cent nickel. In modern versions of this alloy nickel has been eliminated and provision made for the addition of chromium and further amounts of manganese.

Aircraft structural aluminium.

Of the three basic structural materials, namely wood, steel and aluminium alloy, only wood is no longer of significance except in laminates for non-structural bulkheads, floorings and furnishings. Most modern aircraft still rely on modified forms of the high strength aerospace aluminium alloys which were introduced during the early part of the 20th century. Steels are used where high strength, high stiffness and wear resistance are required. Other materials, such as titanium and fibre-reinforced composites first used about 1950, are finding expanding uses in airframe construction.

Aluminium Windows

 


https://ferngully.co.za/tip/

Fern Gully Have Aluminium Suppliers List